Project cost ($):
This includes the amount of time required to recruit participants and prepare music samples.
Music has been proven scientifically to have beneficial effects, both mentally and physically. Music has been shown to reduce blood pressure, change our heart and respiration rates, relieve stress and muscle tension. How you ever wondered whether music also affects our short term memory? Many students prefer to study while listening to music, and maybe they should in fact do so, if doing so will help them remember what they read for upcoming exams! In this experiment, participants will be divided into two groups; one will have the opportunity to listen to music as they view an image. The second will view the image without music. These groups will consist of an equal number of males and females, of approximately the same age and level of education. Each group will be tested on their ability to recall the details of the image. Results of the experiment will demonstrate if music actually makes a difference in memory, and if so, whether this differs between genders.
The purpose of this science fair project is to determine if music affects short term memory.
Memory is linked to the five senses. We often have memories activated by scents, sounds, something we see, or something we touch. Music is well known for its ability to "bring back memories of the past". In other words, music affects long term memory. Music is being used successfully to treat patients with Alzheimer?s disease, as it helps them retrieve their memories. Other studies are also being done to ascertain whether music can enhance learning.
Memory, Recall, Short term memory, Long term memory
As you conduct your experiment, you should be well aware of your experiment constants and variables. It would be necessary to ensure that your participants are broadly of the same age and education background, as these variables may affect your results. Ideally, you should try to work with as large a sample of participants as possible.
Questions & Answers
How does music affect the human mind?
Music can improve memory retrieval, change our moods, reduce stress, and is in fact a proven tool for use in music therapy and for helping Alzheimer?s patients.
Make it Your Own
Try white noise in the experiment with a third group.
You could also modify your science project, to observe whether different genres of music produce different results.
"The Power of Music' to Affect the Brain" from NPR web site http://www.npr.org/2011/06/01/136859090/the-power-of-music-to-affect-the-brain