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Comparing the learning abilities of male and female miceFeatured science projectScience project video

Conclusion

The hypothesis holds true: the female mice learned faster than the male mice. They also tended to be right pawed. The male mice tended to be left pawed.

Mice and rats have similar genes as human beings,.  making them suitable for tests that cannot be performed on human beings. There are many kinds of mazes that test mice for their memory and learning abilities. Mice have a natural ability when it comes navigating mazes because their natural habitats (ie: underground tunnels) are similar to mazes.

Also consider

Use hamsters instead of mice.

Use different kinds of mazes and feeds.

What happens if the experiment is conducted in complete darkness?

What if a strong scent (eg. air freshener) permeates through the entire maze. How will that affect the performance of the mice?
 

References

Rats and mazes - http://www.ratbehavior.org/RatsAndMazes.htm
Mouse - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mouse

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Complexity level:
4
Project cost ($):
Time required:
It will take 2 days to prepare for this science fair project, and 2 days to observe the experiment
Material availability:
The mice can be purchased at a pet store. The other materials can be easily found at a bookstore or supermarket
Safety concerns:

You should wear a pair of gloves when handling the rodents. This is to prevent getting bitten by the mice.