Comparing the reading abilities of boys and girls
The materials required for the experiment:
- 10 boys and 10 girls (15 years of age)
- A 500 word text
- An English teacher
- A room for the oral test
1. For this experiment, the independent variable is the gender of the person who is taking the oral reading test. The dependent variable is the number of mistakes made by the participant during the test. This is determined by counting the number of mistakes made during the reading. The constants (control variables) are the age of the students, the environment in which the test is conducted, the time of day at which the test is conducted and the difficulty of the text passage.
2. A 500 word text passage is chosen for the participants to read aloud.
3. The assistance of an English teacher is sought to help evaluate the reading skill of the participants. The English teacher will be required to identify mispronunciations and any words omitted during the oral test.
4. On the day of the experiment, the participants wait outside the examination room. They are then called in individually to read out the 500 word text passage to the English teacher. The test is conducted as follows:
a. the student enters the room and is seated in front of the teacher
b. the 500 word text is presented to the student
c. the student is required to read the text aloud
d. the teacher listens to the text being read out . She identifies and records mistakes in:
ii. words that are missed
iii. failing to pause at appropriate abbreviations, eg. coma, etc.
5. After each participant has completed the oral reading test, the teacher will record the number of mistakes made by the student in the table given below