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Abstract

This experiment was conducted to determine if the intensity of a laser beam emitted by a laser pointer can be reduced by using colored glass filters. The experiment was done using red, green and blue laser pointers together with red, green and blue colored glass filters.

Hypothesis

The colored glass will filter and block the beam of the laser pointer.

Scientific Terms

Laser, electromagnetic radiation, stimulated emission, monochromatic

Background

Laser

Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation (Laser) is a device that will emit electromagnetic radiation in the form of visible light by the process of stimulated emission. The light that is emitted by the laser device is monochromatic, which means it has a specific wavelength. Laser light is also coherent because the photons are launched in a uniform wave front. It also has low divergence and the beam is extremely concentrated.

Laser light is produced by pumping the atoms of the lasing medium with electrical discharges or light flashes. The electrons in the atom will gain energy, become excited and move one or two energy levels higher. However, these electrons will not remain at an excited state for long and they will return to their original state by releasing a photon (ie: light energy). The amount of energy emitted by the excited electrons when they return to a relaxed state, will determine the wavelength of the light.
 

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Complexity level:
9
Project cost ($):
Time required:
1 hour to prepare, 1 hour for observation
Material availability:
Easily obtained from a hobby store
Safety concerns:

The colored glass will filter and block the beam of the laser pointer.