Soil fertility and ants
The presence of ants in soil will help plants grow better and faster.
As plants grow, they consume nutrients in the soil. As the mineral content depletes in the soil, they need to be replenished. This is where the organisms living in the soil play their part by helping in the decomposition and transportation of nutrients to be used by plants.
Ants make their nests in soil. The ant’s food and manure are also deposited in the soil. The burrowing activity of the ants helps to till the soil, provides better aeration, makes the soil more porous, improves the moisture content and helps in the transfer of organic materials into the soil.
The ants play an important role in the basic nutrient cycle of the soil. Plant residues, animal manure or other organic materials are decomposed by bacteria, fungi and other similar organisms into much simpler forms. These organic matters are carried by the ants into the soil where they are further "reduced" before being absorbed by the plants as nutrients.
Be careful when handling the ants. They bite! Wear protective gloves. Adult supervision recommended.