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Frequency response from speakers of different sizesFeatured science projectScience project video

Abstract

This science fair project was performed to investigate how the frequency response of a speaker changes when as the size of the enclosure changes.

Hypothesis

Reducing the size of the speaker enclosure will cause the dB of some frequencies to be higher compared to the rest of the frequencies.

Scientific Terms

Diaphragm, decibel, pressure

Background

Speakers

The speaker consists of an enclosure, a driver and a crossover. The enclosure of speaker is normally made from hard material like plywood or MDF (Medium Density Fiber). The enclosure will help to hold the speaker "driver" in place and also absorb the vibrations from the driver.

The diaphragm of the driver moves back and forth to create sound. The forward movement of the diaphragm will the air pressure inside the enclosure to fall and the backward movement of the diaphragm will cause the pressure inside the enclosure to rise.

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Complexity level:
9
Project cost ($):
180
Time required:
2 days to prepare, 1 day for experiment
Material availability:
Easily found
Safety concerns:

Basic safety requirements