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Swing velocity of aluminum and wooden baseball batsFeatured science projectScience project video


This science fair project was performed to ascertain the distance traveled by a ball when hit with an aluminum bat and with a standard wooden baseball bat. The science project experiment involved the participation of experienced baseball players.


A baseball will travel further when hit with an aluminum baseball bat, rather than a standard wooden bat.

Scientific Terms

Potential power


Baseball bats

Baseball bats were originally made from wood. However the wooden bats have one big disadvantage - they break fairly easily and send splinters flying. Aluminum bats were introduced in the 1970s and were initially adopted by the Little League and later by the amateur leagues.

Wooden bats are heavy and therefore allows a batter to hit the ball harder. The harder the bat and the faster the swing, the harder the ball will be hit and the further it will fly. The center of gravity of the wooden bat is located further away from the hand making it feel heavy near the end. Wooden bats are also better for the batter’s hand because they produce less vibration.

Aluminum bats are light in weight and hollow on the inside. These bats are easier to control. Their lightness also means the batter will require less time to execute the swing. The center of gravity of the aluminum bat is closer to the hand,

For an experienced player, the wooden bat is packed with more power and this allows the player to drive his ball further. Aluminum bats, on the other hand, are easier to use and provide the batter some additional time to adjust the swing.

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Complexity level:
Project cost ($):
Time required:
1 hour to prepare, 1 day for science project experiment
Material availability:
May be purchased at a sports store
Safety concerns:

Sports safety rules should be followed. The experiment should be supervised by an adult.