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Decomposition of bio-degradable plastic spoonsFeatured science projectScience project video

Conclusion

The hypothesis that  biodegradable spoons  lose some of  their weight after as little 4 weeks in the soil, is proven to be correct. At 30 days, it was evident that the corn starch-based spoons and the wheat-based spoons  had begun to decompose, but this was not the case for the plastic spoons.

More than 20 million tons of plastic materials are produced around the globe every year. Out of these, only a small percentage are recycled. The difficulty faced in the recycling of  plastic material is that  most plastic waste matter comes mixed together with other types organic wastes. The process of separating the plastic from organic waste is time consuming and costly. However, in the case of bio-degradable plastics, the presence of organic waste actually aids the process of decomposition! Bio-degradable plastics may be a good alternative to regular plastic, in order to prevent the pollution of our environment.

Also consider

Try to repeat this science fair project, this time, evaluating different environments for decomposition, such as by immersing the plastic in lake water or vegetable oil.

You could also try repeating the science project with other types or brands of biodegradable spoons, or by introducing specific species of bacteria into the soil.

References

Biodegradable plastic - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biodegradable_plastic

Biodegradable, compostable spoons - http://www.ecowise.com/product_info.php?products_id=536

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Complexity level:
8
Project cost ($):
0
Time required:
1 hour to prepare, 31 days for the science project experiment
Material availability:
Easily found
Safety concerns:

Basic safety requirements

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