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Does music facilitate short term memory?Science project video

Abstract

Music has been proven scientifically to have beneficial effects, both mentally and physically. Music has been shown to reduce blood pressure, change our heart and respiration rates, relieve stress and muscle tension. How you ever wondered whether music also affects our short term memory? Many students prefer to study while listening to music, and maybe they should in fact do so, if doing so will help them remember what they read for upcoming exams! In this experiment, participants will be divided into two groups; one will have the opportunity to listen to music as they view an image. The second will view the image without music. These groups will consist of an equal number of males and females, of approximately the same age and level of education. Each group will be tested on their ability to recall the details of the image. Results of the experiment will demonstrate if music actually makes a difference in memory, and if so, whether this differs between genders.

Objective

The purpose of this science fair project is to determine if music affects short term memory.

Scientific Terms

Memory, Recall, Short term memory, Long term memory

Background

Memory is linked to the five senses. We often have memories activated by scents, sounds, something we see, or something we touch. Music is well known for its ability to "bring back memories of the past". In other words, music affects long term memory. Music is being used successfully to treat patients with Alzheimer?s disease, as it helps them retrieve their memories. Other studies are also being done to ascertain whether music can enhance learning.

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    Complexity level:
    4
    Project cost ($):
    Time required:
    This includes the amount of time required to recruit participants and prepare music samples.
    Material availability:
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