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Criteria for Selecting Educational Delivery Methods: Samples from the Literature

No single method of instruction is superior in every discipline or environment for every student. This survey of the literature covers a variety of instructional methods. Included are references to case studies comparing teaching strategies, reports of experiments that attempt to evaluate and assess the superiority of one method over another, historical reviews, comments on current issues, and predictions of trends in educational delivery methodologies.

Case Histories
Comparison/Evaluation Research
Surveys and Reviews
Learning Theories and Cognition Studies

Case Histories

Reports of an observational, commentary nature. While two or more methodologies may be compared, no attempt is made to set up an experimental situation with control groups, pre-tests, post-tests, etc.

Arce, Pedro. "A Colloquial Approach: An Active Learning Technique." Journal of Science Education and Technology 3, no.3 (September 1994): 145-60.

Campbell, Ann. "The Teaching of Learning Strategies." Australian Science Teachers Journal 39, no. 4 (December 1993): 11-15.

Ganci, Michael T., G. Cicchetti, T. Goodkind, and D. Monti. "SPT: A New Methodology for Instruction." T.H.E. Journal 22, no. 1 (1994): 66-68.

Klemm, W. R. "Teaching Via Networked PCs: What's the Best Medium?" T.H.E. Journal 22, no. 3 (1994): 95-99.

Naidu, Som. "Applying Learning and Instructional Strategies in Open and Distance Learning." Distance Education 15, no. 1 (1994): 23-41.

Oxford, Rebecca L. "Individual Differences among Your Students: Why a Single Method Can't Work." Journal of Intensive English Studies 7 (Spring-Fall 1993): 27-42.

Samples, Bob. "Instructional Diversity." Science Teacher 61, no.2 (February 1994): 14-17.

Schulz, Cynthia D. "Accommodating Students' Learning Styles with Microcomputer Software." Journal of Computing in Teacher Education 10, no. 1 (Fall 1993): 16-20, 22.

Comparison/Evaluation Research

Through experiments or surveys, in a specific discipline or at a specific educational level, attempt to evaluate and assess the superiority of one method over another or examine why a particular method is preferred. (Additional citations can be found in the IAT Information Resource Guide, "Assessments of Multimedia Technology in Education: Bibliography.")

Cherrington, R., and M. van Ments. "'God, What Am I Doing Here'? Students' Reaction to Experiential Teaching Methods." Adults Learning 5, no. 7 (1994): 175-77.

Cooper, P., and D. McIntyre. "Patterns of Interaction between Teachers' and Students' Classroom Thinking and their Implications for the Provision of Learning Opportunities." Teaching & Teacher Education 10, no. 6 (1994): 633-46.

Isaacs, Geoff. "Lecturing Practices and Note-taking Purposes." Studies in Higher Education 19, no. 2 (1994): 203-16.

Johnston, R., and K. Challis. "Modes of Equal Value: A Comparative Study of the Same Masters Degree Programme Offered in Two Different Modes of Delivery." Journal of Further and Higher Education 18, no. 2 (1994): 23-36.

Johnstone, A. H., and W. Y. Su. "Lectures--A Learning Experience?" Education in Chemistry 31, no. 3 (1994): 75-76, 79.

Laurillard, D. and Josie Taylor. "Designing the Stepping Stones: An Evaluation of Interactive Media in the Classroom." Journal of Educational Television 20, no. 3 (1994): 169-84.

Surveys and Reviews

Historical reviews, comments on current issues, predictions of trends in educational delivery methodologies.

Chen, Li-Ling. "Digital Multimedia Instruction: Past, Present and Future." Journal of Educational Technology Systems 23, no. 2 (1994-95): 169-75.

Pettersson, Rune. "Learning in the Information Age." Educational Technology, Research and Development 42, no 1 (1994): 91-97.

Romiszowski, A. "Individualization of Teaching and Learning: Where Have We Been; Where Are We Going?" Journal of Special Education Technology 12, no. 3 (1994): 182-94.

Learning Theories and Cognition Studies

Provide a theoretical framework that can be used to establish criteria for selecting educational delivery methods.

Gardner, Howard. Multiple Intelligences: The Theory in Practice. New York: Basic Books, 1993.
See also:

Schott, Franz, and M. Latzina. "PLANA, a Method of Generic Task Analysis for Improving Mental Modeling and the Transfer of Learning." Journal of Structural Learning. 12, no. 3 (1995): 175-95.

Sternberg, Robert J. The Triarchic Mind: A New Theory of Human Intelligence. New York: Viking, 1988.
See also: and

Wilson, Leslie Owen. "Theories of Learning Index." University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point, 1999.

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