Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
- Messier object M13, a magnitude 7.0 globular cluster in the constellation Hercules, also known as the Hercules cluster. It is one of the brightest and best-known of the globular clusters.
- The Saros number of the solar eclipse series which began on -2561 September 12 and ended on -1046 March 9. The duration of Saros series 13 was 1514.5 years, and it contained 85 solar eclipses.
- The Saros number of the lunar eclipse series which began on -2313 May 20 and ended on -1015 July 6. The duration of Saros series 13 was 1298.1 years, and it contained 73 lunar eclipses.
As lucky, unlucky, or significant number
Thirteen is regarded as an unlucky number in many cultures. One (probably unverifiable) theory holds that 13 is a reflection of the human fear of the unknown, since it is the first number that cannot be enumerated by using our 10 fingers and 2 feet. Unreasoned fear of the number 13 is termed triskaidekaphobia. Due to this fear, some tall buildings have resorted to skipping the "thirteenth floor", simply by numbering it "14" (though it's really still the thirteenth floor) or by designating the floor "12a" or similar instead. The thirteenth of a month is likewise ominous, particularly when it falls on a Friday (see Friday the 13th). The 13th falls on a Friday more often than any other day. In fact it occurs more often than any other day/number combination except those that coincide with it (Thursday the 12th, Saturday the 14th, etc). On months with a Friday the 13th, the first day of the month begins on a Sunday. In cultures that consider Sunday to be the first day of the week, the calendar for such a month has a full first line, and thus a more square, completed look.
In the Christian religion, the number is considered significant since there were thirteen present at the Last Supper. Also, if both Judas and Matthias are counted, there were thirteen apostles. Thirteen was also once associated with the Epiphany by Christians, the child Jesus having received the Magi on his thirteenth day of life.
In the Jewish tradition, 13 signifies the age of maturity, a 13 year old Jew is said to be Bar mitzvah. It is also the number of the tribes (of them 11 are the sons of Jacob and two more are named after the two sons of Joseph) and appears in other places in the Hebrew Bible though not as often as other famous biblical numbers such as 7 and 12. In fact, one could say that for Jews, 13 is more of a lucky number than an unlucky one.
Modern day witches have reclaimed the number 13 as a lucky and significant number. This may be similar to witches reclaiming other previously negative terms and ideas associated with witchcraft, such as black cats, brooms, and even the term witch itself. In modern day Wicca, thirteen is considered the maximum size of a coven, and in some traditions the ideal number of members. In Gardnerian Wicca, the ideal coven has thirteen members.
Amongst some Chinese people, it is regarded as a lucky number because it is sounds similar to "實生", which means "must be alive". But this belief is not universal, or even known to all Chinese. Also, 13 is regarded as unlucky by those Chinese under the influence of foreign cultures.
In other fields
- The number of loaves in a "baker's dozen".
- The ASCII and Unicode value for carriage return.
- "Unlucky for some", according to bingo callers.
- The number of players in a rugby league team.
- The age of maturity in Jewish tradition. A boy gets his bar mitzvah on the Shabbat after his thirteenth birthday.
- The number of principles of Jewish faith according to Maimonides
- The number of steps on the pyramid on the back of the American $1 Bill
- The number of original colonies the United States was founded from. The original flag had thirteen stars, one for each state. New stars have since been added whenever a new state joins the union, but the idea of adding stripes for new states was soon dropped, so the American flag to this day has thirteen horizontal stripes, six white ones and seven red ones.
- The number of guns in a gun salute to U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps Major Generals, and Navy and Coast Guard Rear Admirals Upper Half.
- The number of Plutonium slugs in Fat Man, the atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki.
- In the title of the movies:
- Thirteen, a 2003 movie by Catherine Hardwicke ;
- Thirteen Days, a 2000 movie about the Cuban Missile Crisis;
- The Thirteenth Floor a 1999 movie;
- 13 Going On 30, a movie starring Jennifer Garner in which the protagonist is 13 years old at the outset;
- Apollo 13, a movie starring Tom Hanks (13th Apollo mission);
- Thir13en Ghosts, a 2001 horror movie starring Tony Shalhoub (a remake of 1960's 13 Ghosts, which starred Charles Herbert );
- 13 Conversations About One Thing , starring Matthew McConaughey;
- Assault on Precinct 13 (1976 movie), an action movie starring Austin Stoker ;
- Assault on Precinct 13 (2005 movie), a loose remake of the 1976 movie, starring Ethan Hawke and Laurence Fishburne
- Dementia 13 , a horror movie directed by Francis Ford Coppola; and
- Ward 13 , an animated short movie.
- 13 Engines, a Canadian alternative rock band.
- Strauss and Howe named Generation X the "Thirteenth Generation".
- The number on a Hell's Angel's patch or tattoo that refers to the thirteenth letter of the alphabet, M, for "marijuana".
- 13, or "X3", is the number of the Mexican street gang Sureņos. It refers to the thirteenth letter of the alphabet, M, for Mexico.
- In rugby union one of the centres, most often but not always the outside centre, wears the 13 shirt.
- Historical years: A.D. 13, 13 B.C., or 1913.
- In the episode of King of the Hill when Connie has her first period and she goes with Hank to the Megalomart to buy tampons, the feminine hygiene items are in Aisle 13. This was changed to Aisle 8A when the episode reran.
- Israel Naval covert unit - Shayetet 13
- A song by the band Osker , also the title of a song by the band Bigwig
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