Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
1970 Bhola cyclone
On the night of 12 November a tropical cyclone in the Bay of Bengal was approaching the coast of East Pakistan. Winds in excess of 120 mph (190 km/h), combined with an exceptionally high tide of 15 to 20 feet (5 to 6 m), drove a tidal surge into the low lying, densely populated region in the early hours of the morning. The result was widespread flooding, with many people being drowned in their sleep.
The offical death toll was put at 150,000, with 100,000 people missing. However many estimates put the true figure as high as 500,000.
The highest loss of life and destruction occurred on the low lying islands of the Ganges Delta south of Dhaka. In particular the island and district of Bhola , where casualties may have exceeded 100,000 alone, with the towns of Charfasson and Tazumuddin being devastated. The city of Chittagong was also badly affected.
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