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1975 Constitution of the People's Republic of China
The 1975 Constitution of the People's Republic of China was promulgated in the midst of the unrest of the Cultural Revolution.
This Constitution seriously reduced the total number of articles to just around thirty -- a fraction of the previous hundred-plus article of the 1954 Constitution of the People's Republic of China.
As a sign of the times, the flavour of the Cultural Revolution was too visible. The Preamble ended with a slogan to struggle for new successes. Language such as "dictatorship of the proletariat", "social imperialism" and "proletarian internationalism" were everywhere.
People's rights, such as the rights of freedom of speech, etc..., were guaranteed, but they first had to be loyal to the Communist Party of China and obey PRC laws.
The 1975 Constitution witness an integration (in part) of the State Constitution (the PRC Constitution) and the Chinese Communist Party. The Constitution wrote that the PRC's army was to be controlled by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. Such linkage between party and state would no longer be seen in later Constitutions, particularly after 1982.
Looking back on the 1975 Constitution, books in mainland China call it "a socialist Constitution with serious errors".
This Constitution was superseded in 1978 by the 1978 Constitution of the People's Republic of China.
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