Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
1984 Summer Olympics
The Games of the XXIII Olympiad were held in 1984 in Los Angeles, United States. Los Angeles was selected on May 18 1978 on the 80th IOC session without voting, because it was the only city to bid to host the 1984 Summer Olympics.
|Games of the XXIII Olympiad|
|Athletes participating||6,797 (5,230 men, 1,567 women)|
|Events||221 in 23 sports|
|Opening ceremonies||July 28, 1984|
|Closing ceremonies||August 12, 1984|
|Officially opened by||Ronald Reagan|
|Athlete's Oath||Edwin Moses|
|Judge's Oath||Sharon Weber|
|Olympic Torch||Rafer Johnson|
- After the American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, the Eastern Bloc, including the Soviet Union, East Germany and Cuba boycotted these Olympics (the USSR announced their intention not to participate on May 8, 1984). Notably, Romania is represented in LA and wins several medals. The boycott influenced a large number of events that were normally dominated by the absent countries.
- The organizers of the Los Angeles Olympics are able to produce a profit of over $ 200 million.
- Carl Lewis equals the performance of Jesse Owens of 1936 and wins four gold medals.
- Nawal El Moutawakel of Morocco becomes the first female Olympic champion of an Islamic nation, and the first of her country in the 400 m hurdles.
- A marathon for women is held for the first time at the Olympics, won by Joan Benoit. The event is also noted because of Swiss runner Gabi Andersen-Schiess , who - suffering from heat exhaustion - stumbles through the last lap, providing dramatic images.
- Synchronized swimming and rhythmic gymnastics debut in Los Angeles as Olympic events, as does wind surfing.
- Following the IOC agreement to designate the Republic of China (Taiwan) "Chinese Taipei", the People's Republic of China appears the Olympics as "China" and wins 15 gold medals. In weightlifting, athletes from the Chinese Taipei and China teams win medals at the same event.
- Tennis and Baseball are demo sports.
- Steffi Graf wins her first Olympic title.
- Daley Thompson apparently misses a new world record in winning his second consecutive gold medal in the decathlon; the next year his score is retroactively raised to 8847, giving him the record.
- Victor Davis sets a new world record in winning the gold medal in the 200-metre breaststroke in swimming.
- Mary Lou Retton becomes the first gymnast outside Eastern Europe to win the gymnastics all-around competition.
See the medal winners, ordered by sport:
Top medal-collecting nations:
(for the full table, see 1984 Summer Olympics medal count)
|1984 Summer Olympics medal count|
|3||West Germany (FRG)||17||19||23||59|
Articles about Los Angeles Summer Olympics by nation:
- 1984 Summer Paralympics
- International Olympic Committee
- WikiProject Sports Olympics
- IOC country codes
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