Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Mexican general election, 2000
Mexico held a general election on Sunday, 2 July 2000. At stake were the Presidency of the Republic, all 500 members of the Chamber of Deputies, and all 128 members of the Senate. Several local elections (state governorships, etc.) were also held on the same day.
|Vicente Fox Quesada||Alliance for Change|
PAN & PVEM
|Francisco Labastida Ochoa||PRI||13,576,385||36.88%|
|Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas Solórzano||Alliance for Mexico |
PRD, PT, PAS , CD, PSN
|Gilberto Rincón Gallardo||PSD||592,070||1.61%|
|Manuel Camacho Solís||PCD||208,261||0.57%|
|Porfirio Muñoz Ledo||PARM||157,119||0.43%|
The 2 July 2000 elections marked the first time since the 1910-17 Mexican Revolution that the opposition defeated the party in government. Vicente Fox won the election with 43% of the vote, followed by PRI candidate Francisco Labastida with 36%, and Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas of the Partido de la Revolución Democrática (Democratic Revolution Party) (PRD) with 17%.
Despite some isolated incidents of irregularities and problems, there was no evidence of systematic attempts to manipulate the elections or their results, and critics concluded that the irregularities that occurred did not alter the outcome of the presidential vote. Civic organizations fielded more than 80,000 trained electoral observers, foreigner observers were invited to witness the process, and numerous independent "quick count" operations and exit polls validated the official vote tabulation.
Numerous electoral reforms implemented since 1989 aided in the opening of the Mexican political system, and since then opposition parties made historic gains in elections at all levels. The chief electoral concerns shifted from outright fraud to campaign fairness issues and, between 1995 and 1996, the political parties negotiated constitutional amendments to address these issues. The legislation implemented included major points of consensus that had been worked out with the opposition parties. Under the new laws, public financing predominated over private contributions to political parties, procedures for auditing parties were tightened, and the authority and independence of the electoral institutions were strengthened. The court system was also given greatly expanded authority to hear civil rights cases on electoral matters brought by individuals or groups. In short, the extensive reform efforts of the 1990s "leveled the playing field" for the parties.
Congress of the Union
|PAN & PVEM|
"Alliance for Change"
| PRD, PT, PAS , CD, PSN |
"Alliance for Mexico"
The Congress of the Union is composed of a Senate and a Chamber of Deputies. Consecutive re-election is prohibited. Senators are elected to six-year terms, and deputies serve three-year terms. The Senate's 128 seats are filled by a mixture of direct-election (96) and proportional representation (32). In the lower chamber, 300 deputies are directly elected to represent single-member districts, and 200 are selected by a modified form of proportional representation from five electoral regions. The 200 proportional representation seats were created to help smaller parties gain access to the Chamber.
Even before the new electoral laws were passed, opposition parties were beginning to secure an increasing voice in Mexico's political system. A substantial number of candidates from opposition parties had won election to the Chamber of Deputies and Senate in previous elections. After the 2000 election, however, the Congress was more diverse than ever.
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details