Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
23rd Street (Manhattan)
23rd Street runs from river to river across Manhattan, carrying two-way traffic. As with New York's other streets, West 23rd Street stretches west of Fifth Avenue (at Madison Square Park ) and East 23rd Street runs to the east.
West 23rd Street
West 23rd Street carves through the heart of Chelsea.
In the late 19th century West 23rd Street was the center of American theater , with the Opera House Palace and Pike's Opera House one block away and Proctor's Theater ("continuous daily vaudeville") across the street from the Hotel Chelsea. 23rd Street remained New York's main theater strip until The Empire opened on Broadway some twenty blocks uptown, ushering in a new era of theater.
East 23rd Street
East 23rd Street, which runs between Fifth Avenue and the East River (FDR Drive ), is one of the main streets running through Manhattan's neighborhood of Gramercy. The Metropolitan Life Insurance Company (MetLife), headquartered at 1 Madison Avenue at East 23rd Street, played a significant role in shaping the character of development along East 23rd Street in the early 20th century.
Opposite Madison Square Park on East 23rd Street are two skyscrapers originally built by MetLife. 1 Madison Avenue, with its ornate clocktower face, was one of Manhattan's first skyscrapers.  11 Madison Avenue was intended to be the base of a much taller skyscraper, but the onset of the Depression forced MetLife to scale back its plans. Even so, the building stands today as an Art Deco masterpiece.
On the far east side of East 23rd is Peter Cooper Village, one of MetLife's experiments in middle-income community building. Peter Cooper Village was a sister project to MetLife's Stuyvesant Town, which was built across 20th Street to the south. 
In 1966, this street was also witness to New York's deadliest fire in terms of firefighters killed until the September 11, 2001 attacks. The "23rd Street Fire", as it came to be called, began in a cellar at 7 East 22nd Street and soon spread to the basement of 6 East 23rd Street, a five-story commercial building that housed a drugstore at street level.
Ever subway line that crosses 23rd Street has a station at it. None serve express trains though.
- 23rd Street on the (IRT Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line) (at Seventh Avenue)
- 23rd Street on the (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
- 23rd Street on (at Sixth Avenue)
- 23rd Street on the (BMT Broadway Line)
- 23rd Street on the (IRT Lexington Avenue Line) (at Park Avenue)
Intersections from east to west
- FDR Drive
- First Avenue
- Second Avenue
- Third Avenue
- Lexington Avenue
- Park Avenue
- Madison Avenue
- Fifth Avenue and Broadway - East 23rd Street becomes West 23rd Street
- Sixth Avenue
- Seventh Avenue
- Eighth Avenue
- Ninth Avenue
- Tenth Avenue
- Eleventh Avenue
- West Side Highway (23rd Street has been closed to vehicles west of Eleventh Avenue)
- Manhattan streets, 1-23
- Manhattan streets, 23-42
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