Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
|Canton:||Canton of Berne|
|Altitude :||1,350 m|
Adelboden lies in the west of the Bernese Oberland, at the end of the valley of the Engstligen river, which flows in Frutigen into the Kander river.
Adelboden is a mountain village: Church and main street are on 1350 m, the highest point of the area is the Grossstrubel with 3,242 m, the lowest point is on 1,045 m in the Engstligen valley.
The main part of the village lies on a terrace looking south to the Engstligen waterfalls. Also part of the village are the inhabited valleys of Gilbach, Stigelschwand, Boden, Hirzboden, and Ausserschwand.
The vegetation is alpine and sub-alpine, partially wooded, the slopes, the plateaus, and terraces usually alp meadows.
The most salient mountains are Lohner (3,048 m), Steghorn (3,146 m), Wildstrubel (3,242 m), Fitzer (2,458 m), Tschenten (2,025 m) (mountain railway) and Gsür (2,708 m).
The language is German, precisely the Swiss German dialect Adelbodetuetsch a very specific Bernese Oberland dialect with relations to the Walliser dialect.
Legislation is the twice annually taking place municipality meeting.
Executive is the local council with nine members, all of them honorary.
Adelboden has a good mixture of agriculture, local industry (wood building companies, mineral water source) and tourism. People work in tourism, (approx. 490 persons), other services (approx. 500 persons), construction industry (approx. 310 persons), automobile industry (approx. 30 persons), mineral water source (approx. 45 persons) and agriculture (fulltime approx. 45 persons).
Tourism in Adelboden is specially aligned to families. Adelboden has 24 hotels with 1,291 beds, 3,800 vacation homes with 15,200 beds, 28 group accommodations with 1,830 beds, 3 camping sites and 40 restaurants.
In the summer there are 200 km of hiking trails, from sedate walks to alpine climbing-rises. Numerous mountain railways lead up to the mountains. Additional offers are numerous mountain bike routes, airplane model construction on Hahnenmoospass mit Werkstatt with workshop, wind and landing opportunities.
In the winter there are ski runs of all degrees of difficulty, including the world cup giant slalom run on the [Kuonisbärgli] as well as cross country skiing trails. Further offered are 40 km of winter hiking trails. For snowboarders there are freeride and freestyle runs.
Adelboden has no other roads connecting from Spiez, it gives thus no transit traffic. In the valley of Adelboden connets from Spiez (N6 from Berne) or Kandersteg on the main street direction Frutigen Adelboden. Frutigen has a station of the Loetschberglinie . From there on are hourly post office autocourses.
Adelboden has numerous mountain railways and local busline after Ausserschwand and Boden-Engstligenfälle .
To foot one can come of the Engstligenalp (mountain railway) via Chindbettipass to the Gemmipass and into the Wallis, or over Hahnenmoospass (mountain railway) in the valley of Lenk .
The alps Engstligenalp and Silleren belonging to Adelboden are mentioned for the first time in the 13th century. The inhabitants of Engstligental are called forest people. In the 15th century Adelboden gets its own church and over 50 house fathers vouch for the salary of the minister.
TUp to the 19th century, the only way to Frutigen was high above on the right valley side and often impassable in winter. In the late 19th century a street along the river was built joining Adelboden to the rest of the world.
In the 1870s the first boarding house was built by one of the local teachers. It developed into a hotel, which is still in the possession of the same family (hotel Hari im Schlegeli ). Around the turn of the century the tourism leads to a big increase of the population.
Into the 1930s the aerial ropeway to the Engstligenalp was built with further ropeways following.
- Vogellisi-Festival (in German)
- Kammermusic-festival (Chamber music festival)
In Adelboden there is a primary school, middle-school and a secondary school, the nearest high school is in Frutigen
Other places of interest
- Engstligen water fall: the Engstligen river falls 600 m over rocks into the depth and forms one of the most impressive waterfalls in the Bernese Oberland. Very impressive is the "Alpaufzug" when 350 cows are driven upward on the narrow seam path through the cliff to the summer pasture on the Engstligenalp.
- Engstligenalp: Hochebene on 2000 m height
- Adelboden tourism (mainly in German)
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