Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Air Force Maui Optical and Supercomputing observatory
The Air Force Maui Optical and Supercomputing (AMOS) observatory is an Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) operating location on Maui with a two-fold mission. First, it conducts the research and development mission on the Maui Space Surveillance System (MSSS) at the Maui Space Surveillance Complex (MSSC). Second, it oversees operation of the Maui High Performance Computing Center (MHPCC). AFRL's research and development mission on Maui was formally called AMOS; the use of the term AMOS has been widespread throughout the technical community for over thirty years and is still used today at many technical conferences.
Maui Space Surveillance System (MSSS)
The accessibility and capability of the Maui Space Surveillance System provides an unequaled opportunity to the scientific community by combining state-of-the-art satellite tracking with a facility supporting research and development.
The Maui Space Surveillance System, also known as AMOS by the scientific community, is routinely involved in numerous observing programs and has the capability of projecting lasers into the atmosphere, which is unusual at astronomical sites.
Virtually year-round viewing conditions are possible due to the relatively stable climate. Dry, clean air and minimal scattered light from surface sources enable visibility exceeding 150 km. Based on double star observations, seeing is typically on the order of one second of arc.
In the process of accomplishing its mission, the observatory has discovered a number of asteroids.
|8721 AMOS||January 14, 1996|
|9651 Arii-SooHoo||January 7, 1996|
|10193 Nishimoto||August 8, 1996|
|10863 Oye||August 31, 1995|
|11104 Airion||October 6, 1995|
|12426 Racquetball||November 14, 1995|
|12443 Paulsydney||March 15, 1996|
|13168 Danoconnell||December 6, 1995|
|(14066) 1996 FA4||March 20, 1996|
|(14942) 1995 MA||June 21, 1995|
|(19279) 1995 YC4||December 28, 1995|
|(19281) 1996 AP3||January 14, 1996|
|(20128) 1996 AK||January 7, 1996|
|(21244) 1995 XU1||December 14, 1995|
|(26176) 1996 GD2||April 15, 1996|
|(27870) 1995 VW||November 12, 1995|
|(27898) 1996 OS2||July 23, 1996|
|(29395) 1996 PO1||August 5, 1996|
|32943 Sandyryan||November 13, 1995|
|(32949) 1996 AR3||January 14, 1996|
|37692 Loribragg||November 12, 1995|
|(37700) 1996 AL3||January 10, 1996|
|(39671) 1996 AG||January 7, 1996|
|(42544) 1996 EL2||March 11, 1996|
|(43995) 1997 PY5||August 14, 1997|
|(48712) 1996 OV2||July 26, 1996|
|(52506) 1996 FK4||March 23, 1996|
|(52525) 1996 PJ||August 8, 1996|
|(52534) 1996 TB15||October 7, 1996|
|(58365) 1995 OQ||July 27, 1995|
|(58575) 1997 RK9||September 11, 1997|
|(73953) 1997 UN20||October 27, 1997|
|(85374) 1996 FC4||March 22, 1996|
|(85386) 1996 OU2||July 26, 1996|
|(90817) 1995 RO||September 1, 1995|
|(90818) 1995 RR||September 14, 1995|
|(90820) 1995 SS1||September 20, 1995|
|(90850) 1996 FM1||March 16, 1996|
Spanning over 30 years, the evolution of the Maui Space Surveillance System has demonstrated several stages in the history of space object tracking telescopes. Currently, through its primary mission for Air Force Command , the Maui Space Surveillance System combines large-aperture tracking optics with visible and infrared sensors to collect data on near Earth and deep-space objects.
The 3.67-meter telescope, known as the Advanced Electro-Optical System (AEOS), owned by the Department of Defense, is the United States' largest optical telescope designed for tracking satellites. The 75-ton AEOS telescope points and tracks very accurately, yet is fast enough to track both low-Earth satellites and ballistic missiles. AEOS can be used simultaneously by many groups or institutions because its light can be channeled through a series of mirrors to seven independent coudé rooms below the telescope. Employing sophisticated sensors that include an adaptive optics system, radiometer, spectrograph, and long-wave infrared imager, the telescope tracks man-made objects in deep space and performs space object identification data collection.
AEOS is equipped with an adaptive optics system, the heart of which is a 941-actuator deformable mirror that can change its shape to remove the atmosphere's distorting effects. Scientists are expected to get near diffraction-limited images of space objects.
Other equipment at MSSS includes a 1.6-meter telescope, two 1.2-meter telescopes on a common mount, a 0.8-meter beam director/tracker, and a 0.6-meter laser beam director. The telescopes accommodate a wide variety of sensor systems, including imaging systems, conventional and contrast mode photometers, infrared radiometers, low light level video systems, and acquisition telescopes.
In addition to these assets, the site has a machine shop, optics laboratories, and electronics laboratories. A Remote Maui Experimental (RME) site at sea level houses additional optics and electronics laboratories.
Maui High Performance Computing Center (MHPCC)
The Maui High Performance Computing Center (MHPCC) is located in the Maui Research and Technology Park in Kihei, Maui. The MHPCC is one of the world’s largest IBM SP installations. Chartered to sustain a broad base of users in the Department of Defense, government, academic, and commercial communities, MHPCC provides access to parallel computing hardware, advanced software tools and applications, high bandwidth communications, and high performance storage technologies. In addition, MHPCC offers a variety of services from its expert staff, including application support, parallel code development, large system management, and training and education programs.
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