Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The company, headquartered in Paris, transported 43.3 million passengers and earned 12.53 billion Euro between April 2001 and March 2002 on routes to 296 cities in 85 countries. It is part of the SkyTeam Alliance with Delta Air Lines, Aeroméxico, Korean Air, CSA Czech Airlines, Alitalia, Northwest Airlines, Continental Airlines, and KLM Royal Dutch Airlines. Five Concordes were withdrawn from use on 31 May 2003. In 2004, Air France was ranked the first airline in Europe, having carried 18% of all European passengers. Air France's subsidiary, Régional, operates regional jet and turboprop flights within Europe.
Founded on August 30, 1933 through the merger of Air Orient, Compagnie Générale Aéropostale , Société Générale de Transport Aérien (SGTA, the first French carrier, founded as Lignes Aériennes Farman in 1919), Air Union and CIDNA (Compagnie Internationale de Navigation). The airline had extensive routes across Europe, but also to French colonies in northern Africa and elsewhere. During World War II, Air France moved its operations to Casablanca, Morocco; the airline was featured prominently in the film Casablanca.
The company was nationalized in 1946, and Compagnie Nationale Air France was created by a parliamentary act on June 16, 1948. The government held 70% of the new company and still (mid-2002) holds a 54% stake in the airline. On August 4, 1948, Max Hymans was appointed president of Air France. During his thirteen years at the helm, he implemented a modernisation policy based on jet aircraft, specifically the Sud Aviation Caravelle and the Boeing 707.
In 1949 the company was one of the founders of SITA (Société Internationale de Télécommunications Aéronautiques). The airline used the De Havilland Comet for a short while from 1953, but soon replaced it with Vickers Viscounts. In 1959 the company started widespread use of the elegant twin-jet Sud Aviation Caravelle. It graduated to the use of Boeing aircraft, but as a national European carrier it became committed to Airbus designs from 1974.
In 1976, the airline started operating the unique Concorde SST supersonic airliner on the Paris-Charles de Gaulle to New York route as well as a number of other routes (those other routes were dropped in 1982). It flew the route Paris to New York City in 3 hours and 20 minutes, at about twice the speed of sound).
On May 31st 2003, all Concordes were simultaneously retired by Air France and British Airways as a result of insufficient demand following the 2000 accident. Concorde F-BVFA was transferred to the U.S. Air and Space museum in Washington DC, USA. F-BVFB was given to a German museum, F-BTSD to the "Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace" in Paris, while F-BVFC was returned to its place of manufacture in Toulouse (France) at the Airbus Industrie factory.
On September 30, 2003, Air France and Netherlands-based KLM (Royal Dutch Airlines), announced the merging of the two airlines, the new company to be known as Air France-KLM. Air France shareholders will own 81 per cent of the new firm, while KLM shareholders will hold the rest. The French government's share of Air France will be reduced from 54.4 per cent to 44 per cent.
Disasters and Incidents
On October 27, 1949, boxer Marcel Cerdan and violinist Ginette Neveu died when an Air France flight crashed into a mountain after two failed attempts to make a landing at the São Miguel Island airport in the Azores.
Air France has been the target of many hijackings: 1973 Marseille; 1976 Benghazi (Operation Entebbe) and Ho Chi Minh City; 1977 Benghazi; 1983 Geneva; 1984 Geneva twice; 1989 Algiers; 1993 Nice; 1994 Algiers; 1999 Paris. On December 24, 2003, three Air France flights bound for LAX International Airport in Los Angeles were cancelled because of fears that terrorist group members would board.
The Air France fleet consists of the following aircraft (at February 2005):
- 1 Airbus A300
- 9 Airbus A318
- 44 Airbus A319
- 66 Airbus A320
- 13 Airbus A321
- 13 Airbus A330
- 22 Airbus A340
- 17 Boeing 737
- 35 Boeing 747
- 32 Boeing 777
- Airbus A380-861 (10 ordered)
On 22 February 2005 Air France placed a firm order for 4 further Boeing 777-300ER aircraft, adding to 10 previously ordered (4 delivered). The airline had previously ordered 18 Boeing 777-200ERs and signed a firm contract on 17 February 2005 for 6 Boeing 787-8 aircraft (with options on a further 6). (ref: Air International, April 2005)
Air France has ordered 10 Airbus A380 aircraft, with options on a further 4 aircraft, and in April 2007 will become the first European operator of the A380. A further 3 aircraft will be delivered in the spring of 2007, with the remaining 6 over the following 2 years. The A380 will initially be used on North Atlantic route services from Paris to Montreal and New York and in 2008, as additional aircraft arrive, on services to Beijing and Tokyo (ref: Airliner World, March 2005).
- Aérospatiale-BAC Concorde
- Bleirot 5190
- Bloch 220
- Boeing 707
- Boeing 727
- Breguet 763
- Convair 990
- de Havilland Comet
- Dewoitine 338
- Douglas DC-3
- Douglas DC-4
- Farman 2200
- Lockheed Constellation
- Sud Aviation Caravelle
- Sud-Est SE-161 Languedoc
- Vickers Viscount
- Wibault 282
- See full article: Air France Destinations
- List of French companies
- List of airlines
- List of accidents and incidents on commercial airliners grouped by airline
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