Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Al Manar is the TV station of the controversial Lebanese organization Hezbollah (sometimes spelled Hizbullah). Both Hezbollah and Al-Manar are listed as terrorist organization by the United States State Department.
In addition to news, speeches and religion-shows, Al-Manar became famous for its broadcasts of battles between Hezbollah and Israeli soldiers in south Lebanon. The withdrawal of Israeli troops in 2000, while hailed by it as a great success, left something of a gap in its programming.
Critics claim that Hezbollah's Al-Manar TV channel airs antisemitic broadcasts, blaming the Jews for a Zionist conspiracy against the Arab world, as well as airing excerpts from the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. Al-Manar officials deny broadcasting anti-Semitic incitement and state that their position is anti-Israeli, not anti-Semitic. However, the EU has also decided to block Hezbollah's Al-Manar television from European satellites due to its anti-Semitic content.
Al-Manar aired a drama series, called The Diaspora, which Jewish groups and European observers say is based on historical anti-Semitic allegations. BBC correspondents who have viewed The Diaspora note that "it quotes extensively from the Protocols of the Elders of Zion, a notorious 19th Century publication used by the Nazis among others to fuel race hatred." (BBC)
Al-Manar appears to have been the main source of the best-known 9/11 conspiracy claims regarding Jews or Israel.
The broadcasting of Al Manar in France is controversial; it has been accused of promoting religious and racial hatred (more specifically, against Jews), which is a criminal offense in France. On December 13, 2004, the French Conseil d'État, acting on the request of the French TV authorities, issued an injunction ordering Eutelsat to cease broadcasting Al Manar in France. (full text of the decision, press release (in French); BBC report).
Following the French court ruling, the United States added on December 17, 2004, Al-Manar to the U.S. State Department list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations. 
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