Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg
Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg was founded 1457 in Freiburg by the Habsburgs. One of the oldest universities in Germany, it has a long tradition of teaching the humanities, social sciences and natural sciences.
The university started with four faculties (theology, philosophy, medicine and law). At the founding, the university was named after Erzherzog Albrecht I. . In 1820 the future of the university was unsure, and Großherzog Ludwig von Baden saved it with a contribution. Since then the university is named Albert-Ludwigs-Universität.
In the 1880s the population of the student body and faculty started to grow quickly. Just before World War I the university counted 3,000 students. In the beginning of the 20th century several new university buildings were built in the centre of Freiburg. After WW II the university was re-opened. New buildings for natural science were erected in the Institutsviertel (institute quarter).
Having grown with the city since the 15th century, the university's buildings are deeply intertwined with the city of Freiburg. There are three large campuses scattered throughout the city (the university centre next to the historical city of Freiburg, the institutes quarter and the applied sciences campus), but other buildings can be found all over Freiburg.
Today the university has a student population of around 20,000, including both undergraduate and graduate students. Approximately 10-15 % of these students are foreigners.
In 2001 there were about 360 professors, 2,800 scientific employees and 7,700 non-scientific employees working for Freiburg University, making it one of Freiburg's biggest employers.
The university is headed by a rector and divided into 11 faculties:
- Faculty of Theology
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Medicine
- Faculty of Economics and Behavior Sciences
- Faculty of Philology
- Faculty of Philosophy (incl. history, sociology, ...)
- Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
- Faculty of Chemistry, Pharmacy and Geo-sciences
- Faculty of Biology
- Faculty of Forestry and Environmental science
- Faculty of Applied Science (mainly computer science and microsystem science )
Noted Alumni and Professors
- Erasmus of Rotterdam
- Ulrich Zasius
- Karl von Rotteck
- Karl Theodor Welcker
- Edmund Husserl
- Martin Heidegger
- Walter Eucken
- Friedrich August von Hayek
- Ignacy Mościcki
- Hermann Staudinger
- Martin Waldseemüller
- Ernst Zermelo
- Rudolf Carnap
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