Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Alfa Romeo is an Italian automobile manufacturing company, founded as "Darracq Italiana" by Cavaliere Ugo Stella, an aristocrat from Milan in partnership with the French automobile firm of Alexandre Darracq. The partnership refurbished an idle Darracq factory in Portello , a Milan suburb, but at the onset of World War I the company converted to a munitions factory and the partnership was dissolved. It has been a part of Fiat SpA since 1970. Fiat plans to put Alfa Romeo together with another division, Maserati, to create a sports/luxury car division within the Fiat Group. The company was originally known as ALFA, which is an acronym meaning Anonima Lombarda Fabbrica Automobili. (First logo: )
When Nicola Romeo , a mathematics professor , bought ALFA in 1915, his surname was appended to the company name. Within a few years of Nicola Romeo taking control, the company began to participate in Grand Prix motor racing.
In 1950 Nino Farina won the Formula One World Championship in a 158 with compressor, in 1951 Juan Manuel Fangio won while driving a Alfetta 159 (first attempt of two-stages compressor). Other titles won in 1975 and 1977, while the 33 dominated the Prototype category from 1967 to 1977.
In the 1960s Alfa Romeo was bought by the Italian government and became famous for its models specifically designed for Italian police ("Panthers" , , , , ) and Carabinieri (); among them the glorious "Giulia Super"  - . Or the 2600 Sprint GT , which obtained an expressive nickname of "Inseguimento" (this car is wrongly supposed to be the one that the famous Roman police marshall and unrivalled driver Armandino Spadafora brought down on the Spanish Steps in 1960 while following some robbers - it was instead a black Ferrari 250 GT/E - this pic of Giulia , one of the dozens about this legend, is taken from a movie and not at Spanish Steps).
Before being bought by Fiat, Alfa Romeo always had a daring commercial policy, constantly experimenting with new solutions and using them in its series production, even at the risk of losing market share. On an English sales brochure:
- The Alfa Romeo Giulia 1600 SS - For the man who has everything, here is the car to keep him company. ... The price is GBP 2394.1.3 including tax. Expensive? Naturally! What else would you expect a hand-built Alfa to be? 
It represented the make of those cars which could allow some sport driving on common roads, provided the driver was clever enough to let them express their particular "sound".
Owners of an A.R. call themselves "Alfista", in Italian. Alfa Romeo is sometimes worshipped by its owners, and many models have become cultural symbols . There are many thriving Alfa Romeo owners clubs and Alfa Romeo Model Registers.
In 1967 the famous Dustin Hoffman's film "The Graduate" gave worldwide unforgettable celebrity to the "Spider" (best known with the Italian nickname of "Duetto", or as "Osso di Seppia" or Round-tail), and its unique shape. See here  - . The Spider was designed by Pininfarina.
In 1995 Alfa Romeo ceased exporting cars to the US. While rumours occasionally surface of their intent to return to that market, no formal plans have ever been announced. The most credible is a rumour that, with Maserati's help, the Alfa Romeo 159 and Alfa Romeo Brera will be the make's pilot models should it reenter the North American market.
Cloverleaf are variants of Alfa Romeo cars, where the name denotes the high-end of the range in comfort and engine size, but previously denoted Alfa Romeo racing cars in the pre-second-world-war era. The image first appeared in 1923 when Ugo Sivocci presented one prior to the start of the 14th Targa Florio as a good luck token to the team. Some modern Alfas wear a cloverleaf badge which is typically a green four leaf clover on a white background, but variants of blue on white have been recently observed.
- Alfa Romeo 1900
- Alfa Romeo AR 51 The 'Matta' off road 4WD.
- Alfa Romeo Disco Volante
- Alfa Romeo Giulietta
- Giulietta 1.3
- Alfa Romeo Giulia
- Giulia Super 1600
- Giulia TI
- Alfa Romeo TZ
- Alfa Romeo GTA
- Alfa Romeo Spider Veloce 
- 2600 Spider
- Spider Duetto
- Alfa Romeo 1750
- Alfa Romeo Montreal (1970–1977)
- Alfa Romeo Alfasud (1972–1983)
- Alfa Romeo Alfetta (1972–1977)
- Alfa Romeo Arna
- Alfa Romeo GTV
- Alfa Romeo GTV6
- Alfa Romeo Sprint
- Alfa Romeo 33 (1983–1994)
- Alfa Romeo 75 (1985–1992)
- Alfa Romeo 164 (1987–1998)
- Alfa Romeo SZ
- Alfa Romeo GTV (1995–present)
- Alfa Romeo Spider (1998–present)
- Alfa Romeo 145 (1995–2001)
- Alfa Romeo 146 (1995–2001)
- Alfa Romeo 147 (2001–present)
- 147 GTA
- Alfa Romeo 155 (1992–1998)
- Alfa Romeo 156 (1995–present)
- 156 GTA
- Alfa Romeo 166 (1998–present)
2000– and onwards:
- Alfa Romeo GT (2004–present)
- Alfa Romeo 159
- Alfa Romeo Brera (Preview-2005)
- Alfa Romeo Spyder
- Alfa Romeo Kamal (Expected-2007)
Alfa Romeo 8C (2004)
- A love story for Duetto: 
- Evolution of the logo: 
- A typical A.R. dashboard:  (1750 GTV - 1970s)
- A complete list of links to discover Alfa Romeo's world: 
- The Alfa Romeo Webring: 
- The Montreal: , , , , , 
- The Alfa Wiki 
- Short history of the 158/9 GP Car 
- Category at ODP
- The Alfa Romeo Owners Forum 
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