Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
All the President's Men
All the President's Men is a 1974 non-fiction book by Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, the two journalists investigating the Watergate scandal for the Washington Post. It was made into a film, released in 1976.
The book chronicles the Pulitzer Prize-winning investgative reporting of Woodward and Bernstein from the former's inital report on the Watergate break-in through the resignations and H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman, and the revelation of the Nixon tapes by Alexander Butterfield in 1973. It relates the events behind the major stories the duo wrote for the Post, naming some sources who had previously refused to be identified for their initial articles, notably Hugh Sloan. It also gives detailed accounts of Woodward's secret meetings with his source Deep Throat, whose identity to this day remains a mystery.
Following the success of All the President's Men, Woodward and Bernstein wrote something of a sequel, The Final Days , chronicling the last months of Nixon's Presidency, starting around the time that their previous book ended.
The film of the same name stars Dustin Hoffman, Robert Redford, Jack Warden, Martin Balsam, Hal Holbrook, Jason Robards, Jane Alexander, Meredith Baxter, Ned Beatty, Stephen Collins and Penny Fuller. It was directed by Alan J. Pakula and adapted for the screen by William Goldman.
It won Academy Awards for Best Actor in a Supporting Role (Jason Robards) and Best Art Direction-Set Decoration, Best Sound and Best Adapted Screenplay. It was nominated for Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Jane Alexander), Best Director, Best Film Editing and Best Picture.
Much of the film uses dioptric lenses , which allow a "split screen" effect on a single take: each half of a shot can have its own focal length (that is, a man in the foreground can be in focus, yet on the other side of the frame, a man in the background can also be in focus--with objects between the two of them out of focus). Use of a dioptric lens requires a sharp dividing line to hide the effect; All the President's Men typically used pillars and desks for dividing lines.
The film also is an early film to make extensive use of different color temperatures in the same shot: for instance, at the beginning during the break-in, the light from inside is noticeably orange, whereas the light from outside is noticeably blue.
- "Goddammit, when is somebody going to go on the record in this story?! You guys are about to write a story that says the former Attorney General, the highest-ranking law enforcement officer in this country, is a crook! Just be sure you're right."
- Judge: "Your names, please, and state your professions."
- Barker: "Bernard Barker, anti-communist."
- Judge: "Anti-communist? That, sir, is not your average profession."
- McCord: "James McCord, security consultant."
- Judge: "With?"
- McCord: "Government, uh, recently, uh, retired."
- Judge: "Where in the government?"
- McCord: "Central Intelligence Agency."
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