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Amherst, New Hampshire
Like many New England towns, Amherst was the result of a land grant given to soldiers - in this case, to soldiers who participated in King Philip's War. In 1741, settlers formed the Congregational church and hired the first minister; the town is named for General Jeffrey Amherst, who commanded British forces in North American during the French and Indian War.
In 1770, Amherst became the county seat of Hillsborough County, due largely to its location on the county's major east-west road. It continued to prosper through the Revolutionary War and afterwards. But in 1790, the southwestern section broke off and became the town of Milford, New Hampshire and in 1803, the northwest section departed to become Mont Vernon, New Hampshire. Then the development of water-powered mills made Milford grow at Amherst's expense, and the county seat was moved in 1866.
The town population remained relatively stagnant until after World War II, when Amherst and many surrounding towns saw an influx of newcomers as they became part of the greater Boston, Massachusetts region.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 10,769 people, 3,590 households, and 3,065 families residing in the town. The population density is 121.3/km² (314.1/mi²). There are 3,752 housing units at an average density of 42.2/km² (109.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the town is 97.00% White, 0.43% African American, 0.13% Native American, 1.34% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. 1.01% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 3,590 households out of which 47.5% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 78.3% are married couples living together, 4.6% have a female householder with no husband present, and 14.6% are non-families. 11.4% of all households are made up of individuals and 4.0% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.00 and the average family size is 3.26.
In the town the population is spread out with 31.7% under the age of 18, 4.5% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 29.0% from 45 to 64, and 7.3% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 39 years. For every 100 females there are 101.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 98.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town is $89,384, and the median income for a family is $97,913. Males have a median income of $73,432 versus $35,250 for females. The per capita income for the town is $35,531. 1.9% of the population and 1.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 1.8% of those under the age of 18 and 2.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
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