Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Anaheim is a city in Orange County, Southern California, located 6 miles (15km) northwest of Downtown Santa Ana. The current federal Office of Management and Budget metropolitan designation for Anaheim and the Orange County Area is "Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine, CA." As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 328,014, making it the tenth-largest city in California. Anaheim is the second largest city in Orange County and is known for its amusement parks, sports teams, and convention center.
Founded by German settlers (50 German Families) in 1857 and incorporated on February 10, 1870, Anaheim developed into an industrial center, producing electronics, aircraft parts, and canned fruit. It is the site of Disneyland, a world-famous theme park which opened in 1955, Angel Stadium of Anaheim, the Arrowhead Pond of Anaheim, and the largest convention center on the American West Coast. Its name is a blend of "Ana", after the nearby Santa Ana River, and "heim", from the German for "home". Previously, the settlement was known as Campo Aleman (Spanish for German Camp).
Anaheim is located at 33°50'10" North, 117°53'23" West (33.836165, -117.889769).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 130.7 km² (50.5 mi²). 126.8 km² (48.9 mi²) of it is land and 3.9 km² (1.5 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 2.99% water.
In the city area not including Anaheim Hills, the major surface streets running east-west, starting with the northernmost, are La Palma Avenue, Lincoln Avenue, Ball Road, and Katella Avenue. The major surface streets running north-south, starting with the westernmost, are Beach Boulevard (CA-39), Magnolia Avenue, Brookhurst Street, Euclid Street, Harbor Boulevard, Anaheim Boulevard, and State College Boulevard.
The freeways that pass through Anaheim are the Santa Ana Freeway (I-5), the Orange Freeway (CA-57), the Riverside Freeway (CA-91). The Costa Mesa Freeway (CA-55), and the Eastern Transportation Corridor (CA-241) also have short stretches within the city limits.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 328,014 people, 96,969 households, and 73,502 families residing in the city. The population density is 2,587.8/km² (6,702.0/mi²). There are 99,719 housing units at an average density of 786.7/km² (2,037.5/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 54.76% White, 2.66% Black or African American, 0.93% Native American, 11.98% Asian, 0.42% Pacific Islander, 24.21% from other races, and 5.02% from two or more races. 46.76% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 96,969 households out of which 43.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% are married couples living together, 13.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 24.2% are non-families. 18.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 6.1% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.34 and the average family size is 3.75.
In the city the population is spread out with 30.2% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 33.5% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 30 years. For every 100 females there are 100.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 98.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $47,122, and the median income for a family is $49,969. Males have a median income of $33,870 versus $28,837 for females. The per capita income for the city is $18,266. 14.1% of the population and 10.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 18.9% of those under the age of 18 and 7.5% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
- Mayor: Curt Pringle (since 2002)
- City Manager: David M. Morgan (since 2002)
- City Council
- Richard Chavez (since 2002)
- Lorri Galloway (since 2004)
- Bob Hernandez (since 2002)
- Harry Sidhu (since 2004)
- NHL team: Mighty Ducks of Anaheim
- MLB team: Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim
- NLL team: Anaheim Storm
- The NFL's Los Angeles Rams played in Anaheim from 1979 through 1994 before moving to their current home of St. Louis.
Court battle against the Angels
On January 3, 2005 Angels Baseball, LP, the ownership group for the Anaheim Angels, announced that it would change the name of the club from to the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim. Team spokesmen pointed out that from its inception, the Angels had been granted territorial rights by Major League Baseball to the counties of Los Angeles, Ventura, Riverside, and San Bernardino in addition to Orange County. New owner Arturo Moreno believed the new name would help him market the team to the entire Southern California region rather than just Orange County. The "of Anaheim" was included in the official name to comply with a provision of the team's lease at Angel Stadium which requires that "Anaheim be included" in the team's name.
Mayor Curt Pringle and other city officials countered that the name change violated the spirit of the lease clause, even if it were in technical compliance. They argued that a name change was a major bargaining chip in negotiations beween the city and Disney Baseball Enterprises, Inc., then the ownership group for the Angels. They further argued that the city would never have agreed to the new lease without the name change, because the new lease required that the city partially fund the stadium's renovation but provided very little revenue for the city. Anaheim sued Angels Baseball, LP in Orange County Superior Court, and a trial has been set for November 7.
The city has also sought an injunction to stop the name change, which was rejected by the superior court judge. The city appealed the judge's ruling on the injunction to a state appeals court, which granted an unusual writ moving the city's case to the top of the docket and held a hearing on March 28. The three justices urged the city and the team to work towards a settlement, and advised both parties that it would rule within the next few days or weeks. IF the appeals court rules in favor of Anaheim, the team would be forced to change its name back to Anaheim Angels until the conclusion of the trial.
- City of Anaheim, California - Official Home Page
- Location Orange County
- Orange County Business Council (Chamber of Commerce)
- Orange County ArtSource (Links to the Arts in Orange County)
- Orange County Transportation Authority
see also History of California
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