Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Anaktuvuk Pass, Alaska
Anaktuvuk Pass is located at 68°8'58" North, 151°43'34" West (68.149532, -151.725975).
Anaktuvuk Pass is in the Brooks Range on the divide between the Anaktuvuk River and the John River.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 282 people, 84 households, and 57 families residing in the city. The population density is 22.5/km² (58.2/mi²). There are 101 housing units at an average density of 8.1/km² (20.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 9.57% White, 1.42% Black or African American, 87.59% Native American, 0.00% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.71% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. 0.71% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 84 households out of which 44.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.5% are married couples living together, 15.5% have a female householder with no husband present, and 32.1% are non-families. 28.6% of all households are made up of individuals and 3.6% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.36 and the average family size is 4.26.
In the city the population is spread out with 38.7% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 17.4% from 45 to 64, and 5.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 26 years. For every 100 females there are 107.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 121.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $52,500, and the median income for a family is $56,250. Males have a median income of $42,500 versus $32,250 for females. The per capita income for the city is $15,283. 4.4% of the population and 3.2% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 0.8% of those under the age of 18 and 0.0% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Anaktuvuk Pass was named after the Anaktuvik River. Anaktuvuk means place of caribou droppings in Inupiaq, the language of the Inupiat.
There was a nomadic group of Inupiat called Nunamiut that lived inland in northern Alaska and lived by hunting caribou instead of the marine mammals and fish hunted by the rest of the Inupiat, who live on the coast. The Nunamiut traded with the coastal people for other items they needed. A decline in caribou populations in about 1900 and in the 1920s caused many Numamiut to move to the coastal villages. In 1938, several families of Nunamiut moved back to the Brooks Range, around Chandler Lake and the Killik River. In 1949 the Chandler Lake group moved to Anaktuvuk Pass and later the Killik River group moved there also. Anaktuvuk Pass is the only Nunamiut settlement.
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