Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Warhol was born Andrew Warhola in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, to Slovakian immigrants of Ruthenian ethnicity. He showed early artistic talent, and studied commercial art at the Carnegie Institute of Technology (now known as Carnegie Mellon University) in Pittsburgh. Upon graduating in 1949, he relocated to New York City and began a successful career in magazine illustration and advertising. He became well-known mainly for his whimsical ink drawings of shoes done in a loose, blotted style.
In the 1960s, he started to make paintings of famous American products like Campbell's soup cans and Coca-Cola. He switched to silkscreen prints, seeking not only to make art of mass produced items, but to mass produce the art itself. He hired and supervised "art workers" engaged in making prints, shoes, films, and other items at his studio, The Factory, located on Union Square in New York City.
The Factory, located at 231 East 47th Street in Manhattan, was Warhol's studio from 1963 to 1967. It moved to 33 Union Square West at the end of 1967 when the East 47th building was torn down. The Factory was the hip hangout for artsy type, amphetamine users, and the Warhol superstars. This is where Warhol would make his silkscreens. It was covered with tin foil, silver "clouds" on the ceiling.
The Factory became a meeting place of artists and would-be artists such as Mick Jagger, Lou Reed, and Truman Capote. Warhol became the manager of Reed's influential New York rock band The Velvet Underground in 1965.
On June 3, 1968, Valerie Solanas, a Factory regular, entered Warhol's studio and fired three shots at Warhol, nearly killing him. Although the first two rounds missed, the third passed through Warhol's left lung, spleen, stomach, liver, esophagus, and right lung. Solanas then turned the gun on a companion of Warhol, Mario Amaya, injuring his thigh. Although Warhol survived these injuries, although doctors had already called his time, he never fully recovered. Solanas later explained that "he had too much control over my life." The story of Valerie Solanas was made into the 1996 movie I Shot Andy Warhol starring Lili Taylor and directed by Mary Harron.
Although Warhol's friend Lou Reed, for one, never forgave Solanas for the attack and recorded the album songs for Drella with John Cale, containing the song "I Believe" singing "I believe/I would've pulled the switch on her myself. " In other songs Reed expresses his regrets about not having payed a lot of attention to Warhol in the time before his death. Mr. Warhol himself ultimately forgave Valerie for shooting him and later satirized the whole event in a subsequent movie of his, calling a group similar to Solanas' S.C.U.M. (Society for Cutting Up Men), P.I.G. - Politically Involved Girlies.
Besides his influence as a painter, Warhol was known as a highly proficient filmmaker. Between 1963 and 1968, he made more than sixty films. His most famous one, Sleep (1963), shows a man (John Giorno, who had a relationship with Warhol) sleeping for eight hours. In the 35 minute film Blow Job (1963), he shows the face of a man receiving fellatio. Warhol's character has also been represented in several motion pictures. He has been portrayed by Crispin Glover, David Bowie, and Jared Harris, in The Doors, Basquiat, and I Shot Andy Warhol, respectively. He also appeared as a bartender in The Cars' music video "Hello Again."
Warhol created the fashion magazine Interview that is still published today. The loopy title script on the cover is thought to be either his own handwriting or his mother's Julia Warhola , who would often do text work for his early commercial pieces.
Warhol "wrote" several books.
A, a novel (1968, ISBN 0-8021-3553-6) is a literal transcription -containing spelling errors and phonetically written background noise and mumbling- of audio recordings of Ondine and several of Andy Warhol's friends hanging out at the factory, talking, going out.
The Philosophy of Andy Warhol; from A to B and back again (1975, ISBN 0-15-671720-4) is said to have been written by his Factory friends, and describes Andy Warhol's Pop Philosophy in soundbites and conversations. In the title "from A to B and back again" refers to daily phone conversations between "A" Andy Warhol and "B" Brigid Polk.
Popism; the Warhol sixtied (1980, ISBN 0-15-672960-1), authored by Warhol and Pat Hackett is a retrospective view of the sixties and the role of Pop Art.
The Andy Warhol Diaries (1989, ISBN 0-446-39138-7, edited by Pat Hacckett ) is an edited diary that was dictated by Warhol to Hacket in daily phone conversations. Warhol started keeping a diary to keep track of his expenses after being audited.
Warhol used to socialize at Serendipity and Studio 54, nightclubs in New York City. One of Warhol's favorite pop bands was Blondie; at one of the shows on their final tour in 1982 he also "fell in love" with both the music and the pretty looks of their opening act, Duran Duran. He maintained a friendship with the band (and especially keyboardist Nick Rhodes) for many years.
The Andy Warhol Museum is located in the North Shore district of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It is the largest American art museum dedicated to a single artist, holding more than 4 000 works by the artist himself.
Warhol was generally regarded as quiet and a meticulous observer or even a voyeur. More than one person jokingly referred to him as "death warmed over." He had a keen eye for art in general and furthered the Duchamp-esque notion that if you simply point at something and call it "art," it is. He was openly gay, rare for celebrities of his stature at the time, and paid tribute to many male friends and workers in his private art and collections. A meticulous collector, he organised almost every piece of paper, fan mail -after taking off the stamps- and magazine related to his fame along with personal notes, gay pornography and found artifacts into hundreds of numbered boxes and set them aside, never to open them again. Warhol refered to these boxes as his "time capsule". Many exist today and are available for research at his Pittsburgh museum.
Warhol would regularly volunteer at the homeless shelters in New York, particularly during the busier times of the year. He has described himself as a religious person, not fully accepted by religion because of his homosexuality. Many of his works contain -more or less hidden- religious themes or subjects.
Warhol died in New York City following routine gall bladder surgery at the age of 58. Warhol was afraid of hospitals and doctors and ignored having his reoccuring gall bladder problems checked. He is interred at St. John the Baptist Catholic Cemetery south of Pittsburgh. Fellow artist Yoko Ono was among the speakers at his funeral. After his death it took Sotheby's several days to auction his estate, for a total gross of over 20 million dollars.
Outside of the art world Andy Warhol is best know for his quote relating to 15 minutes of fame.
- L'Amour (1972)
- Blue Movie (1969)
- Lonesome Cowboys (1969)
- San Diego Surf (1968)
- The Loves of Ondine (1968)
- The Andy Warhol Story (1967)
- Tiger Morse (1967)
- Four Stars (1967)
- Imitation of Christ (1967)
- Nude Restaurant, The (1967)
- Bike Boy (1967)
- I, a Man (1967)
- Ari and Mario (1966)
- Hedy (1966)
- Kiss the Boot (1966)
- Milk (1966)
- Salvador Dalí (1966)
- Shower (1966)
- Sunset (1966)
- Superboy (1966)
- Closet, The (1966)
- Chelsea Girls (1966)
- Beard, The (1966)
- More Milk, Evette (1966)
- Outer and Inner Space (1966)
- Velvet Underground and Nico, The (1966)
- Beauty #2 (1965)
- Bitch (1965)
- Camp (1965)
- Harlot (1965)
- Horse (1965)
- Kitchen (1965)
- The Life of Juanita Castro (1965)
- My Hustler (1965)
- Poor Little Rich Girl (1965)
- Restaurant (1965)
- Space (1965)
- Taylor Mead's Ass (1965)
- Vinyl (1965)
- Screen Test (1965)
- Screen Test #2 (1965)
- 13 Most Beautiful Women (1964)
- Batman Dracula (1964)
- Clockwork (1964)
- Couch (1964)
- Drunk (1964)
- Empire (1964)
- The End of Dawn (1964)
- Lips (1964)
- Mario Banana I (1964)
- Mario Banana II (1964)
- Messy Lives (1964)
- Naomi and Rufus Kiss (1964)
- Tarzan and Jane Regained... Sort of (1964)
- Thirteen Most Beautiful Boys, The (1964)
- Blow Job (1963)
- Eat (1963)
- Haircut (1963)
- Kiss (1963)
- Naomi's Birthday Party (1963)
- Sleep (1963)
- The Andy Warhol Museum in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
- Artinthepicture.com: Andy Warhol A general introduction, biography, quotes, and art works by the Pop Art Icon.
- Andy Warhol Profile Includes a biography, selection of images, famous quotes, and links to the artist.
- Dia Center for the Arts, Warhol's works in the permanent collection
- Wikiquote - Quotes by Andy Warhol
- Two short articles about Warhol's 2002 museum retrospective from the art magazine "X-Tra"
- Actual exhibitions with Andy Warhol on Artfacts Andy Warhol's works are still widely at present in various shows and permanent collections in museums or galleries throughout the world.
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