Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
- This article discusses Arcadia, a region of Greece. For other meanings, see: Arcadia (disambiguation)
|Area:|| 4,419 km²
|Elevation:|| Lowest: Myrtoan Sea|
Highest: Mount Mainalo
|Car designation:||TP (Tripoli)|
|Code for the municipalities :||05xx|
|Number of provinces:||4|
|Number of municipalities:||22|
|Number of independent communes:||1|
|Area/distance code:|| 2710 (Tripoli)|
11-30-275x0 (030-275x0), west
279x0 , east
|Postal code||223x xx|
|Name of inhabitants:|| Arcadian sing.|
|Website:|| Homepage of Arcadia|
|Head:||Dimitris Konstantinopoulos (New Democracy)|
Arcadia's has its present-day capital at Tripoli. It forms the largest prefecture on the Peloponnesian peninsula. It currently covers about 18% of the entire peninsula, although it once extended to about 20 to 25% of the peninsula.
The prefecture has a skiing resort on Mount Maenalus, the Mainalon, located about 20 km NW of Tripoli. The other mountains include the Parnon in the southeast, the Saita , the Skiathio , the Lykaia and Tsiberou .
The GR-7, E65 freeway, which was extended after 1997 and in 2003, runs through Arcadia on a north-west to south-east axis and nearly forms in the southwest the end of the freeway. A nuclear and coal power station which produces electricity for most of southern Greece, operates to the south of Megalopolis, along with a coal mine.
In agriculture, potato farms, mixed farming, olive groves, and pasture dominate the plains of Arcadia, especially in the area around Megalopolis and between Tripoli and Levidi.
Its climate has hot summers and mild winters in the eastern part, the southern part, the low lying areas and the central part ald area lower than 1,000 m. The area mainly receives rain during summer and winter months for most of the time in the rest of Arcadia. Winter [snow?] occurs commonly in the mountainous areas for much of the west and the northern part, the Taygetus area, the Mainalon.
In the 20th century, Arcadia experienced extensive population loss through emigration, mostly to the Americas. Many Arcadian villages lost almost half their inhabitants, and fears arose that they would turn into ghost towns. Arcadia now has a smaller population than Corinthia. Demographers expected that its population would halve between 1951 and the early 21st century.
In the mid to late 20th century a power plant began operating.
- 1951: 154,361 (density: 34.93/km²)
- 1961: 134,950
- 1971: 111,263 (density: 23.5/km²)
- 1991: 103,840
- 2001: 102,025
- Greece Interstate 7
- Greece Interstate 33, N
- Greece Interstate 37, Cen, S
- Greece Interstate 74, NW, N
- Greece Interstate 76, W, SW
- Arkadiki Radiophonio Teleorassi - ART
Arcadia has 4 provinces:
- Province of Gortynia - Dimitsana
- Province of Kynouria - Leonidi
- Province of Mantineia - Tripoli
- Province of Megalopoli - Megalopoli
|Municipality||YPES code||Seat||Postal code|
|Tyros (formerly Apollonas)||0501||Tyros||220 29|
|Valtesi||0502||Kato Asea||220 27|
|North Kynouria||0503||Astros||220 01|
This exludes the independent commune of Kosmas (municipal code: 0511, postal code: 230 58) where the seat is Geraki .
For more communities, see Communities of Arcadia
- Ancient Olympic victors:
- Kostas Karyotakis (October 30, 1896 – July 20, 1928 in Preveza)
Arcadia in mythology and the arts
See Arcadia (utopia)
- Arcadia, Greece
- University of Patras on Arcadia
- Unknown Arcadia
- Tripoli - Karytaina - Andritsaina
- In German:
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