Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Archaeology of Israel
This entry discusses the archaeology of Israel as an academic and scientific discipline, an important aspect of the country's cultural life and national identity.
The archaeology of Israel is a national passion that also attracts considerable international interest on account of the region's Biblical links.
Israeli archaeologists frequently achieve a high profile, both at home and internationally.
Yigael Yadin, one-time Deputy Prime Minister of Israel, was one of the more influential amongst the older generation of Israeli archaeologists before his death. Eilat Mazar , granddaughter of the pioneering Israeli archaeologist Benjamin Mazar, has emerged as a frequent spokesperson for concerns regarding the archaeology of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem.
Stemming from its Biblical possibilities, controversy remains a hallmark of Israeli archaeology. Recent issues have centered on the veracity of such artefacts as the Tel Dan Stela, the Jehoash Stela and the James Ossuary, as well as the validity of whole chronological schemes. In regard to the latter, Amihai Mazar and Israel Finkelstein represent the leading lights in a debate regarding the nature and chronology of the United Monarchy.
Excavation in Israel continues at a relatively rapid pace and is conducted according to generally high standards. Excavators return each year to a number of key sites that have been selected for their potential scientific and cultural interest. Current excavated sites of importance include Ashkelon, Hazor, Megiddo and Rehov.
Category:Archaeological sites in Israel
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