Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Arleigh Burke class destroyer
The Arleigh Burke class are among the largest destroyers ever built (larger is the Ticonderoga class cruiser, which is a redesignated AAW destroyer), and certainly among the most powerful. According to Bath Iron Works promotional material, Arleigh Burke is ton for ton the most powerful warship ever built.
The class is named for Admiral Arleigh "31-Knot" Burke, the most famous destroyer officer of World War II. Admiral Burke was alive when the class leader was commissioned, and his words to the plank crew echo in the class's distinguished service to date: "This ship is built to fight; you'd better know how."
The greatly improved "Flight IIA Arleigh Burke" class ship, a major alteration of the class which significantly changed the ship's layout including the addition of two helicopter hangars for improved ASW fighting capability, began with Oscar Austin. The Flight IIA Burke also received improved surface fighting and shore bombardment capability with the introduction of the longer 5"/62 caliber gun on Winston S. Churchill. Some sources have argued that the Flight IIA ships are different enough from the Flight I/II ship that it should be renamed the Oscar Austin class destroyer.
- Builders: General Dynamics, Bath Iron Works Division and Northrop Grumman Ship Systems
- Power Plant: 4 × General Electric LM2500-30 gas turbines; two shafts, 100,000 total shaft horsepower (75 MW).
- SPY-1 Radar and Combat System Integrator: Lockheed Martin
- Flights I and II (51-78): 505 ft (154 m)
- Flight IIA (79-99): 509* ft (155 m)
- Beam: 59 ft (18 m)
- Hulls 51 through 71: 8315 tons full load
- Hulls 72 through 78: 8400 tons full load
- Hulls 79 and on: 9200 tons full load
- Speed: in excess of 30 knots (56 km/h)
- Aircraft: None. LAMPS III electronics installed on landing deck for coordinated DDG-51/helo ASW operations (hulls 51-78); two SH-60 Seahawk LAMPS III helos (hulls 79 on)
- Complement: 23 officers, 300 enlisted
- Armament: Standard missile; AGM-84 Harpoon; Vertical Launch ASROC (VLA) missiles; Tomahawk missiles; six Mk-46 torpedoes (from two triple tube mounts); one 5 inch (127 mm)/54-caliber Mk-45 (lightweight gun) (DDG-51 through 80); one 5 inch (127 mm)/62-caliber Mk-45 mod 4 (lightweight gun) (DDG-81 on); two 20 mm Phalanx CIWS (DDG-51 through 83); two RIM-116 Rolling Airframe Missile (DDG-84 onward)
- Date Deployed: 4 July, 1991 (Arleigh Burke)
Additionally, DDG-106 through DDG-112 have been announced and awarded. The ships have not been named yet. DDG-112 will be the last of the class and is expected to be delivered in 2010 .
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