Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Arlington Heights, Illinois
Arlington Heights is a village located in Cook County, Illinois and a northwestern suburb of Chicago. As of the 2000 census, the village has a total population of 76,031. A 2003 recount gave the village a population of 76,422.
Arlington Heights is known for Arlington Park Race Track, home of the Arlington Million , a Breeders' Cup qualifying event; also hosted the Breeders' Cup Classic in 2002. It is also home to the Metropolis Performing Arts Theatre and highly regarded John Hersey High School. Soccer player Brian McBride lives in and grew up in this town.
A decision of the Arlington Heights Village Board to reject a rezoning request in 1971 was appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, in Village of Arlington Heights v. Metropolitan Housing Development Corp. , 429 U.S. 252 (1977). A religious order, the Clerics of St. Viator, had sought to rezone their land that was classified for single-family housing so that low and moderate income multi-family developments could be built. After the request was denied, the developer and three black individuals filed suit in federal court, claiming that the decision was racially motivated in violation of the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The Supreme Court rejected the challenge, because although racial minorities were disproportionately harmed by the decision, the record did not show any discriminatory intent on the part of the village.
Arlington Heights is located at 42°5'42" North, 87°58'51" West (42.094976, -87.980873).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 42.6 km² (16.4 mi²). 42.5 km² (16.4 mi²) of it is land and 0.1 km² (0.04 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.18% water.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 76,031 people, 30,763 households, and 20,518 families residing in the village. The population density is 1,788.9/km² (4,633.3/mi²). There are 31,725 housing units at an average density of 746.4/km² (1,933.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the village is 90.56% White, 0.96% African American, 0.08% Native American, 5.98% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.19% from other races, and 1.19% from two or more races. 4.46% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 30,763 households out of which 29.2% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% are married couples living together, 6.3% have a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% are non-families. 29.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.44 and the average family size is 3.05.
In the village the population is spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 40 years. For every 100 females there are 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 89.2 males.
The median income for a household in the village is $67,807, and the median income for a family is $84,488. Males have a median income of $59,162 versus $39,555 for females. The per capita income for the village is $33,544. 2.5% of the population and 1.6% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 2.0% of those under the age of 18 and 3.0% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
- Village of Arlington Heights
- Daily Herald Newspaper - Headquartered in Arlington Heights
- Arlington Park
- Arlington Heights Park District
- Pace Bus System - Headquartered in Arlington Heights
- Arlington Heights Historical Museum
- Arlington Heights Economic Description
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