Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Wenger's playing career was relatively inauspicious. He began playing amateur football as a defender or sweeper for various minor French clubs, while at the same time studying at the University of Strasbourg, where he completed a master's degree in Economics in 1974. Wenger turned professional in 1978, signing for RC Strasbourg, and making his debut against Monaco. Although Strasbourg won the French league in 1979, Wenger did not feature prominently in the team, playing only three times. In 1981, he obtained a manager's diploma and was appointed the coach of the Strasbourg youth team.
After an unsuccessful spell at Nancy, where the club were relegated, Wenger's managerial career took off when he became the manager of AS Monaco in 1987. He was initially successful with the club, winning the league in 1988 and the French Cup in 1991, and signing high-calibre players such as Glenn Hoddle and Jürgen Klinsmann. However, he was sacked in 1994 after Monaco finished ninth in the league. Wenger moved on to a successful 18-month stint with the Japanese J. League team Nagoya Grampus Eight.
On September 28, 1996, Wenger joined Arsenal, succeeding the sacked Bruce Rioch. Wenger was a relative unknown in England (though he had been previously been touted as a potential Technical Director of the Football Association), but quickly led the club to success. Under his guidance, he led Arsenal to 3 championship titles (including two doubles) in the space of 7 years in charge. Renowned as a great thinker, occasionally being nicknamed 'professor', he is highly respected as a coach throughout Europe, although Arsenal have yet to be called a truly great side without winning the Champions League.
After several years without a major trophy, Wenger's Arsenal have become a major contender for the Premiership, and he has been responsible for bringing such world class players like Thierry Henry, Patrick Vieira and Robert Pires to the club. As well as bringing in new players and tactics, Wenger has also reformed the training and dietary regimes, and has had a direct input to the design of the Gunners' new Emirates Stadium. He is also well known for his rivalry with Manchester United manager Alex Ferguson.
Wenger's demeanour is normally mild and unagressive, though occasionally his temper has got the better of him. On October 10 2000, he received a fine and a 12-match touchline ban from the FA for "threatening behaviour and physical intimidation" to a match official during Arsenal's defeat at Sunderland earlier that year; the ban was later overturned on appeal.
Wenger was awarded an honorary OBE for services to British football in the Queen's Birthday Honours List of 2003. In October 2004, he signed a contract extension that will keep him at Arsenal through the 2007/2008 season .
- Arsenal F.C. September 1996 -
- Nagoya Grampus Eight 1995 - September 1996
- AS Monaco FC 1987-1994
- Nancy 1984-1987
- Cannes 1983
As a player
- French league champions: 1979
As a manager
- Arsenal F.C.
- Nagoya Grampus Eight
- J-League Cup: 1996
- Emperor's Cup: 1995
- J-League Manager of the Year: 1995
- AS Monaco FC
- French Cup: 1991
- French league champions: 1988
- French Manager of the Year: 1988
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details