Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Artūras Paulauskas (born August 23, 1953) is a Lithuanian politician. He is the speaker of Seimas, the parliament of Lithuania and, following the impeachment of President Rolandas Paksas on April 6, 2004, served as acting president of Lithuania until early elections were held and a new president was sworn in in July 2004.
Arturas Paulauskas graduated from Vilnius University with a degree in law in 1976. He then worked as an investigator and a prosecutor. He was Deputy Prosecutor General of Lithuania from 1987 to 1990 and Prosecutor General of Lithuania from 1990 to 1995.
Paulauskas entered politics by running for President of Lithuania in 1997/1998 elections. He was supported by the outgoing President, Algirdas Brazauskas and narrowly lost in the runoff to Valdas Adamkus, with Paulauskas gaining 49.6% of vote and Adamkus gaining 50.4%. He then established The New Union (Social Liberals) party which gained 19.6% of vote in 2000 parliamentary elections. On October 19, 2000, he became the speaker of Seimas, the parliament of Lithuania.
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