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Auburn is a city located in Lee County, Alabama. As of the 2000 census, the population of the city is 42,987. It is the central city of the fastest-growing metropolitan area in the state of Alabama. In recent years, the city has grown together with nearby Opelika, Alabama to form the Auburn-Opelika Area. Although the two towns still maintain separate governments and identities, the line between the two is becoming increasingly blurred.
The city's unofficial nickname is "The Loveliest Village On The Plains", taken from a line in the poem The Deserted Village by Oliver Goldsmith: "Sweet Auburn! loveliest village of the plain . . ."
Auburn is located at 32°35'52" North, 85°28'51" West (32.597684, -85.480823).
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 42,987 people, 18,421 households, and 7,239 families residing in the city. The population density is 424.2/km² (1,098.6/mi²). There are 20,043 housing units at an average density of 197.8/km² (512.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 78.05% White, 16.79% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 3.31% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. 1.55% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 18,421 households out of which 18.6% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.6% are married couples living together, 7.7% have a female householder with no husband present, and 60.7% are non-families. 36.8% of all households are made up of individuals and 4.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.12 and the average family size is 2.93.
In the city the population is spread out with 15.4% under the age of 18, 44.6% from 18 to 24, 21.9% from 25 to 44, 11.7% from 45 to 64, and 6.4% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 23 years. For every 100 females there are 99.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 99.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $17,206, and the median income for a family is $55,619. Males have a median income of $41,012 versus $26,209 for females. The per capita income for the city is $16,431. 38.1% of the population and 14.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 16.5% of those under the age of 18 and 8.8% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
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