Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
- This article is about the Australian Open tennis tournament. For the Australian Open golf tournament click here.
The tournament has been held for 100 years since 1905. Originally based at the grass courts at Kooyong in the city of Melbourne's inner south-east, the tournament was in danger of fading into irrelevance, but was revived in the 1980s with a shift to Melbourne Park, a new hardcourt venue next to the Melbourne Cricket Ground on the southern fringe of the central business district.
Like all the Grand Slam tournaments, there are men's and women's singles competitions, men's, women's, and mixed doubles, as well as junior and master's competitions.
The centre court, Rod Laver Arena, and the first show court are unusual in that they feature a movable roof which can be shut in case of rain or extreme heat. It is the only Grand Slam tournament that can feature indoor play.
Names of the winners are inscribed on the perpetual trophy Cups.
- The Women's Singles winner is presented with the Daphne Akhurst Memorial Cup.
- The Men's Singles winner is presented with the Norman Brookes Challenge Cup.
Men's record holders for most wins since 1925:
- All competitions: Adrian Quist (Australia), 13.
- Singles: Roy Emerson (Australia), 6.
- Consecutive singles titles: Roy Emerson (Australia), 5 (1963-1967).
- Doubles: Adrian Quist (Australia), 10.
Ladies' record holders for most wins since 1925:
- All competitions: Margaret Smith Court (Australia), 21.
- Singles: Margaret Smith Court (Australia), 11.
- Consecutive singles titles: Margaret Smith Court (Australia), 7 (1960-1966).
- Doubles: Thelma Long (Australia), 12.
- Australian Open champions (Men's Singles)
- Australian Open champions (Women's Singles)
- Australian Open champions (Men's Doubles)
- Australian Open champions (Women's Doubles)
- Australian Open champions (Mixed Doubles)
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