Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Australian flora, in order to cope with the extreme conditions present in much of Australia, has evolved to cope with a common set of conditions, namely the ubiquitous presence of fire; soils low in nutrients (due to a lack of recent - geologically speaking - volcanic activity); and a lack of water.
Many plants have special features to combat the forces of nature. Symbiosis is very common, as are plants with sunken stomata and large root stock. The plants are very hardy, and are generally able to quickly establish themselves so as not to miss available nutrients.
These are some of the most common Australian native trees and shrubs.
- acacia (wattle)
- Cootamundra wattle
- Golden wattle
- Silver wattle
- boronia (plant)
- callistemon (bottlebrush)
- eucalyptus ('gum' trees)
- Horizontal scrub
- Huon Pine
- Dicksonia antarctica, Tasmanian Tree Fern, or Manfern
- Cyathea cooperi, Australian Tree Fern, or Lacy Tree Fern
- Moreton Bay Fig
- Native cherry
- Nothofagus cunninghamii, or "myrtle beech"
- pink heath
- Tasmanian tree heath
- Black or Tasmanian sassafras
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