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An autonomous (subnational) entity is a subnational entity that has a certain amount of autonomy. Typically an autonomous entity contains a national minority which is different from the national majority.
Since the 1994 Constitution grants Buenos Aires, formerly Capital Federal (Spanish, Federal Capitol), the status of, Autonomous and changes the formal name to Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires (Spanish, Autonomous City of Buenos Aires). The city which was part of the Buenos Aires Province is not longer considered to be in the province. The Buenos Aires suburbs are considered part of the Buenos Aires Province, and not from the city.
In Portugal, the two island regions of Azores and Madeira became autonomous regions in 1976 with self-rule by a regional government and a regional legislative assembly. They gain their autonomy because of the great distance from the capital of the country, it is not due to ethnic distinction like in Spain.
- Autonomous republics of Russia
- Crimea is an autonomous republic in Ukraine
- Uzbekistan: Karakalpakstan
Countries with several types of autonomous entities
Some countries have several levels of autonomous entities.
In the People's Republic of China, administrative divisions with various levels of autonomy occur at several levels of the administrative hierarchy. Except for special administrative regions which are considered dependent territories, all of these autonomous divisions are designated for one or more ethnic minorities.
- province level
- prefecture level
- county level
See Political divisions of China for more information.
See: Subdivisions of Russia.
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