Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Avery County, North Carolina
The county was formed in 1911 from parts of Caldwell County, Mitchell County, and Watauga County. It was named for Waightstill Avery , a colonel in the American Revolutionary War and the first Attorney General of North Carolina (1777-1779).
Law and government
Avery County is a member of the regional High Country Council of Governments.
The county is divided into nineteen townships: Altamont, Banner Elk, Beech Mountain, Carey's Flat, Cranberry, Elk Park, Frank, Heaton, Hughes, Ingalls, Linville, Minneapolis, Montezuma, Newland No. 1, Newland No. 2, Pineola, Plumtree, Pyatte, and Roaring Creek.
- Johnson County, Tennessee - north
- Watauga County, North Carolina - northeast
- Caldwell County, North Carolina - southeast
- Burke County, North Carolina - south-southeast
- McDowell County, North Carolina - south-southwest
- Mitchell County, North Carolina - southwest
- Carter County, Tennessee - northwest
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 17,167 people, 6,532 households, and 4,546 families residing in the county. The population density is 27/km² (70/mi²). There are 11,911 housing units at an average density of 19/km² (48/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 93.95% White, 3.48% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.28% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. 2.41% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 6,532 households out of which 27.10% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.10% are married couples living together, 9.10% have a female householder with no husband present, and 30.40% are non-families. 26.60% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.00% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.34 and the average family size is 2.82.
In the county the population is spread out with 19.40% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 30.10% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 15.70% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 38 years. For every 100 females there are 111.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 112.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county is $30,627, and the median income for a family is $37,454. Males have a median income of $25,983 versus $21,652 for females. The per capita income for the county is $15,176. 15.30% of the population and 10.90% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 19.30% of those under the age of 18 and 19.00% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Cities and towns
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