Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Aymer de Valence
- For the later earl, see Aymer de Valence, 2nd Earl of Pembroke.
He was a half brother of Henry III of England; his mother was Isabella of Angouleme, the second wife of King John, his father was Hugh X of Lusignan , the count of La Marche, whom Isabelle married in 1220.
The children of this marriage came to England in 1247 in the hope of obtaining court preferment. In 1250 the king, by putting strong pressure upon the electors, succeeded in obtaining the see of Winchester for Aymer. The appointment was in every way unsuitable. Aymer was illiterate, ignorant of the English language, and wholly secular in his mode of life. Upon his head was concentrated the whole of the popular indignation against the foreign favorites; and he seems to have deserved this unenviable distinction. At the parliament of Oxford (1258) he and his brothers repudiated the Provisions of Oxford prepared by the barons. He was pursued to Winchester, besieged in Wolvesey castle , and finally compelled to surrender and leave the kingdom. He had never been consecrated; accordingly in 1259 the chapter of Winchester proceeded to a new election. Aymer, however, gained, the support of the pope; he was on his way back to England when he was overtaken by a fatal illness at Paris.
- W. Stubbs Constitutional History, vol. ii. (1896)
- G. W. Protheros Simon de Montfort (1877)
- W. H. Blaauws Barons War (1871).
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details