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Bagelkhand agency was a collection of princely states in British India. The agency was established in March 1871. Until that date Bagelkhand was under the Bundelkhand agency, with which it is geographically and historically connected. The Bagelkhand agency was under the political superintendence of the Governor-General's agent for Central India, and under the direct jurisdiction of a political agent who is also superintendent of the Rewa state, residing ordinarily at Sutna or Rewa. The agency consisted of Rewa state and eleven minor states and estates, of which the more important are Maihar, Nagode and Sohawal. The total area was 14,323 sq. m., and the population in 1901 was 1,555,024, a decrease of 11% over the previous decade, due to the results of famine. The rainfall was very deficient in 1895-1897, causing famine in 1897; and in 1899-1900 there was drought in some sections. According to Horace Hayman Wilson, in his Glossary of Indian Terms, the Bagheli, who give their name to this tract of country, are a branch of the Sisodhyia Rajputs who migrated eastward and once ruled in Gujarat.
After Indian independence in 1947, the princely states that made up the Bagelkhand Agency were merged into Vindhya Pradesh state, which was merged into Madhya Pradesh on November 1, 1956.
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