Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
|Capital||Palma de Mallorca|
|Official languages||Catalan and Castilian|
– % of Spain
| Ranked 17th|
4 992 km²
– Total (2003)
– % of Spain
| Ranked 14th|
|Statute of Autonomy||March 1, 1983|
|President||Jaume Matas Palou (PP)|
|Govern de les Illes Balears|
The Balearic Islands (Illes Balears Catalan official name, Islas Baleares in Spanish) are an archipelago in the western Mediterranean Sea, near the coast of of Spain. They form one of the provinces of Spain, the Autonomous Community of the Balearic Islands. The province's capital city is Palma de Mallorca.
Majorca and Minorca are the Balearic Islands proper, while the other islands are included in the appelation as part of the province. The islands can be further grouped, with Majorca, Minorca, and Cabrera as the Illes Gimnesias , and Ibiza and Formentera as the Illes Pitiüses.
Historically they have been invaded by the Romans, the Vandals, the Byzantines, the Arabs, and the Catalan-Aragonese. The Catalan-Aragonese initially ruled the Balearics as the vassal Kingdom of Mallorca, and in 1344 incorporated it directly into the Aragonese kingdom, which was later absorbed into Spain.
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