Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Banff National Park
Banff National Park is located in the Canadian Rockies west of the City of Calgary, and includes the town of Banff, Alberta. Banff was Canada's first national park. Attractions include mineral hot springs, mountain scenery, camping, climbing, hiking, golfing, horse-back riding, alpine and nordic skiing, the Banff Springs Hotel, and Lake Louise. The park was created when the Rocky Mountains Park Act became law in Canada on 23 June 1887. 
Banff took its name from the train station, which is believed to be named after the town in Aberdeenshire , Scotland. Prior to local government reorganisation, the Scottish Banff was in the former county of Banffshire.
A park pass is required for stopping in the park and permit checks are common during the summer months, especially at Lake Louise and the start of the Icefields Parkway. A permit is not required if travelling straight through the park without stopping. The Trans-Canada Highway goes through the park. Death of wildlife killed by vehicles on the highway is a problem resulting in the highway being fenced and wildlife undepasses and overpasses built.
Some of the park's many photogenic vistas are Lake Minnewanka, Mount Rundle, the Vermilion Lakes , Moraine Lake in the Valley of the Ten Peaks (renowned for its turquoise blue waters), Bow Lake , Peyto Lake.
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