Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Bartholomew de Burghersh, 2nd Baron Burghersh
Bartholomew was born some time between 1287 and 1296. He succeeded his father as Lord Burghersh, upon the death of the first lord's eldest son, Bartholomew's brother, Stephen de Burghersh, in 1310. His other, younger brother was Henry de Burghersh (1292-1340), chancellor of England in 1328, and treasurer of England from 1334 to 1337.
Before June 11, 1320, he married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Theobald de Verdun, Lord Verdun , (Justiciar of Ireland) by Maud de Mortimer.
Bartholomew de Burghersh served in the Scottish wars, and was with the Earl of Lancaster at the Battle of Boroughbridge (March 16, 1321/2), but was captured and taken as a prisoner. On August 25, 1346, he served Edward III at the Battle of Crecy both as a diplomat and a soldier, as did his son. Following this battle, many nobles were ransomed, and it is clear De Burghersh was at length released as he later served the king as a Constable of Dover Castle, and Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, like his father before him. Bartholomew Burghersh (? - August 1351), brother of bishop Henry Burghersh became Baron Burghersh on the death of his brother Stephen in 1310.
He acted as assistant to the first Lord Baron de Badlemere (b1274-5), his uncle, Lord Warden from 1320 until the execution of Badlesmere by the method of the time in 1322 when he was hanged, drawn & quartered (14th April) at Canterbury, in Kent; and having proven his trust to the king, was made constable of Dover Castle and Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports.
He served in this capacity in 1327 and 1343, and again between the years 1346-50. In addition to these duties he was also to serve as the Constable of the Tower of London begining on the 27th of June 1355, a post he kept until his death.
Bartholomew de Burghersh was then Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports in the year of 1348, when:
"On 18th May by an inquisition taken by Bartholomew de Burghersh, Warden of the Cinque Ports, Parson Holbourne as rector of Rye was granted a place called Courton, where the pleus affecting the town are now held, adjoining the church yard and "of ancient time ordained there for a dwelling of the Parson of that church". Here was built the first Rectory House on the same site as it occupies today some 645 years later". (703 AD).
(Note: The Rector of Minster in Thanet from the 1430ís was William Holbourn, who was transferred to the living of the parish of Brooke as Rector of Woodnesborough, Canterbury during the 1470ís.)
Fragments of the History of The Old Vicarage, Rye. (poss. in google cashe?)
In 1340, Bartholomew became an heir to some lands held by one of his brothers, Henry de Burghersh, the Bishop of Lincoln and Lord Treasurer. Bartholomew de Burghersh was summoned to attend Parliament from the 25th of January, 1329 and served until the 15th of March in 1354: (25 years).
Bartholomew de Burghersh acted as a 'Banneret in 1341, and in the August of 1343, he formed part of an important embassy to the Pope' and later was to become Chamberlain of the royal Household.
His widow survived him by some five years. The son of Bartholomew de Burghersh by Elizabeth de Verdun, and third lord de Burghersh was also named Bartholomew. This Sir Bartholomew de Burghersh was one of the first 25 original Knights of the Garter, and 'earned a great reputation as a soldier, especially distinguishing himself at the Battle of Poitiers' (September 19, 1356). A companion of the Black Prince (Edward) in most of his expeditions he was one of the most renound soldiers of the period.
His daughter by Cecily de Weyland was named Elizabeth, and married Sir Edward le Despenser, KG (before December, 1364), the son of Sir Edward le Despenser by Anne de Ferrers. It was said that he died 'retaining to the last the royal confidence'.
|- style="text-align: center;" | width="30%" |Preceded by:
The Earl of Huntingdon | width="40%" style="text-align: center;" |Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
1348–1355 | width="30%" |Succeeded by:
The Earl of Dunbar and March
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