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Battle of Newburn
The Battle of Newburn took place in 1640 during the Bishops' Wars. Scottish Covenanters planted guns to protect them while fording the river Tyne near Newburn in Northumberland, after which they defeated the English on the Durham side of Newburn at Stellaheugh , and subsequently occupied Newcastle upon Tyne. The name of Scotswood , one of the villages between Newburn and Newcastle, commemorates one of the Scottish positions.
The Scottish army, under Alexander Leslie, comprised some 22,500 men and was opposed by an English force of just over 3,000 commanded by Lord Conway . The battle is said to have actually commenced when an English soldier fired at a Scottish officer watering his horse in the river.
Original text from 1911 Encyclopędia Britannica
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