Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Battle of San Juan Hill
The Battle of San Juan Hill was the bloodiest and most famous battle of the Spanish-American War.
At San Juan Hill, 750 Spanish soldiers were ordered to hold the heights against an American offensive on June 1, 1898. For reasons still not quite clear, Spanish General Arsenio Linares failed to reinforce this position, choosing to hold nearly 10,000 Spanish reserves in the city of Santiago.
Despite this, the struggle lasted for more than twelve hours, and cost at least two hundred American and an equal number of Spanish lives.
During the engagement, Theodore Roosevelt became famous for his bold "charge up San Juan Hill" (the actual name of the hill was Kettle Hill but various reports incorrectly gave the name as "San Juan").
Order of Battle
- 1st Division - Jacob Ford Kent
- 1st Brigade - Hamilton S. Hawkins, wounded
- 2nd Brigade - E. P. Pearson
- 3rd Brigade - Charles A. Wikoff , killed
Notes: Because General Wheeler was sick, General Sumner was in command of the Division when the battle began but Wheeler quickly returned to command.
IV Corps - Arsenio Linares
- 1st Provisional Battalion
- 4th Battalion Talavera Peninsular Regiment
- 1st Battalion San Fernando Regiment
- 1st Battalion Asia Regiment
- 1st Battalion Constitutional Regiment
- 1st Battalion Cuba Regiment
- 2nd Battalion Cuba Regiment
- 1st Battalion Simancas Regiment
- 1st and 2nd Guerrila Companies
- 1st Cavalry Regiment
- Nofi, Albert A., The Spanish American War, 1898, 1997.
- Carrasco García, Antonio, En Guerra con Los Estados Unidos: Cuba, 1898, Madrid: 1998.
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