Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
|Elevation:|| 204 m|
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|Arrangement of the city:||24 districts|
Bautzen ( Bautzen pronunciation in German.ogg, until 1868: Budissin; Sorbian-Lusatian Budyšin, Polish: Budziszyn.ogg, Czech Budyšín) is a city in the east of Saxony, Germany, and capital of the same-named district. It is located on the Spree River. Population 42.391 (2003).
The first written proof of the city was in 1002. In 1018 the Peace of Bautzen was signed between the German king Henry II and the Polish prince Boleslaus I. The Treaty left Bautzen under the Polish rule. In 1033 the city passed to the Holy Roman Empire, in 1319 to Bohemia and in 1635 to Saxony. During the Middle Ages it was a member of the Six Cities' Alliance of the Upper Lusatian cities of Görlitz, Zittau, Löbau, Kamenz, Lauban and Bautzen.
The East German regime kept a prison for opposition members in Bautzen. The prison was called Gelbes Elend ("Yellow Misery") by the people.
In 2002 the city commemorated its thousandth birthday.
Asteroid (11580 ) Bautzen is named in honor of the city.
Here are the subdivisions of Bautzen:
- In the east:
- In the south:
- In the west:
- In the southwest:
- Worms, since 1990
- Heidelberg, since 1991
- Dreux, France, since 1992
- Jablonec nad Nisou, Czech Republic, since 1993
- Jelenia Góra, Poland, since 1993
Sites of Interest:
There are four museums including the Stadtmuseum Bautzen (lit. the Bautzen city Museum) and the Sorbisches Museum , lit. the Sorbian Museum (Sorbian-Lusatian: Serbski muzej).
- http://www.bautzen.de Official website
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