Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The university is known for its law school, its school of music , its museum studies program, and the George W. Truett Theological Seminary. It is the largest Baptist university in the world. Until 1991, when it became an independent school under the terms of its charter from the state of Texas, it was closely affiliated with the Baptist General Convention of Texas. Some conservative Christian detractors argue that Baylor has become so secularized that it should be referred to as a BINO (Baptist in name only) college.
Academically, the school is divided into two colleges (the College of Arts and Sciences and the Honors College) eight schools (School of Education, School of Engineering and Computer Science, Graduate School, Hankamer School of Business, Law School, Louise Herrington School of Nursing, School of Music, and School of Social Work), and one seminary (George W. Truett Theological Seminary). While they share the Baylor name, the Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas, and the Baylor Health Care System in Dallas, Texas, are no longer affiliated with Baylor University.
The university was chartered in 1845 by the Republic of Texas under Republic President Anson Jones, and opened at Independence, Texas as a coeducational institution. Its founders were Reverend William Milton Tryon, Reverend James Huckins, and Judge Robert Emmett Bledsoe Baylor , the University's namesake. Six years later, Baylor's second president Rufus Burleson decided to separate the men from the women, and thus the Baylor Female College branched off from the main university, while Baylor University became an all-male institution. The city of Independence began suffering a decline due to the rise of neighboring cities serviced by the Santa Fe Railroad, so beginning in 1885, Baylor University moved to Waco, Texas, and merged with Waco University , where Baylor's former second president Rufus Burleson was serving as president. That same year, the Baylor Female College moved to Belton, Texas and would later become known as the University of Mary Hardin-Baylor. A Baylor College Park still exists in Independence as a memory of the bygone era.
In 1900, three physicians founded the "University of Dallas Medical Department", in Dallas, Texas, despite the fact that a "University of Dallas" did not exist. In 1903, it was acquired by Baylor University and became known as the Baylor College of Medicine, remaining in Dallas. In 1943, Dallas civic leaders wanted to build larger facilities for the university in a new medical center, but only if the College of Medicine would surrender its denominational alliances with the General Baptist Convention. Baylor refused, and with funding from the M.D. Anderson Foundation and others, the College of Medicine moved to Houston, Texas. In 1969, the Baylor College of Medicine became independent from Baylor University.
- Detailed history of Baylor University
- History of Baylor College of Medicine
- History of Independence, Texas
- History of the University of Mary Hardin-Baylor
The school's men's sports teams are called the Bears and the women's the Lady Bears. They participate in the NCAA's Division I-A, and in the Big XII Conference. Prior to joining the Big 12, Baylor participated in the Southwest Conference from the conference's charter in 1914 until its dissolution in 1996. Baylor's most notable sports program has been their track and field team under Clyde Hart, which has produced 466 All-Americans under his 42-year tenure. The greatest standout of the track program has been its men's 4x400 relay team, which has sent teams to the NCAA finals in each of the past 27 years and produced three Olympic gold medalists - Michael Johnson, Jeremy Wariner, and Darold Williamson.
The school's men's basketball program was plagued by scandal in 2003. Patrick Dennehy , a player for the team, was murdered by a former player for the team, and then-coach Dave Bliss was forced to resign after findings that he had made improper financial payments to players and was planning to characterize Dennehy as a drug dealer, despite no evidence of fact. As a result, the team was placed on probation by the NCAA and was banned from offering scholarships for two years.
- 2004, Baylor won its first national NCAA title, the tennis championship for men's NCAA Division I, by defeating UCLA, 4-0.
- 2005, Baylor Lady Bears won the NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Championship. Coached by Kim Mulkey-Robertson, the Lady Bears defeated the Michigan State University Spartans 84-62. This made Mulkey-Robertson the first women's coach and only the third coach ever to win an NCAA basketball championship as both a player and a coach. (The two preceding her were Dean Smith and Bob Knight.)
Every year since 1909, Baylor celebrates Homecoming. Homecoming activities include Pigskin Revue , a song and dance featuring the top acts from the previous spring's All University Sing ; the Freshman Mass Meeting; the oldest and longest collegiate parade in the United States. As the school mascot is the bear, Baylor traditionally hosts a live mascot on campus, which is always given the a name and the title "Judge" in honor of Judge Baylor.
Every spring since 1934, Baylor takes a day off from classes for "Diadeloso." The Baylor University Chamber of Commerce organizes the event which consists of entertainment of all types - tug o' war contests, 3-on-3 basketball, ping pong, indoor soccer, board game tournaments, comedians, an all-University dance, multi-player console games, gospel choirs, etc. This tradition often baffles new professors, who then require quite a bit of convincing to not hold class (or worse, give an exam) on a seemingly arbitrary Thursday in April.
In 1982, a team from Baylor comprised of Terry Talley, Jennifer Harmon, Patrick Keane, and Keith Hall and coached by Dr. Donald L. Gaitros were the world champions of the ACM International Collegiate Programming Contest (ACM/ICPC).
In 2004, Baylor reported enrollment on its recruiting website as follows:
- 11,712 undergraduate students
- 2,225 graduate and professional students
Campus events are chronicled in Baylor's student periodical, The Lariat.
- Former Governors of Texas
- Former U.S. Senators
- Thomas Terry (Tom) Connally
- Leon Jaworski (Baylor Law School) - special prosecutor during the Watergate Scandal and one of the first partners of the major international lawfirm Fulbright & Jaworski
- "Samurai" Mike Singletary - former NFL linebacker & current assistant head coach of the San Francisco 49ers
- David Wesley - shooting guard for Houston Rockets in the NBA
- Michael Johnson - Winner of four Olympic gold medals, and nine-time world champion
- Jeremy Wariner - Winner of gold medals at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece for the individual 400 meter and the 4x400 meter
- Carrol Dawson - General Manager, Houston Rockets of the NBA
- Drayton McLane - Owner of Houston Astros in MLB, major food distribution entrepreneur
- Jason Jennings - pitcher, Colorado Rockies (MLB)
- Kip Wells - pitcher, Pittsburgh Pirates (MLB)
- Ted Lyons - pitcher, Chicago White Sox, 1923-1946, member of the Major League Baseball Hall of Fame
- Darold Williamson - Winner of a gold medal at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece in the 4x400 meter
In the Arts
- Robert Fulghum - best-selling author, philosopher
- Steven Stucky - Pulitzer Prize winner for music
- Thomas Harris - best-selling author of Silence of the Lambs
- Kevin Reynolds - director of Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves, Waterworld, and The Count of Monte Cristo ; son of Herbert Reynolds , who served as the chancellor emeritus of Baylor.
- John Lee Hancock - director of The Alamo; producer of My Dog Skip
- Michael Brandt - co-writer of Universal Studio 's 2 Fast 2 Furious
- Derek Haas - co-writer of Universal Studio's 2 Fast 2 Furious
- Orian Williams - associate producer of Oscar nominated film Shadow of the Vampire
- Jim Hillin - visual effects artist for such films as Beauty and the Beast, Aladdin, Spider-Man 2, and Dinosaur
- Trey Wingo - co-host of ESPN's SportsCenter
- Mark Hurd - CEO of Hewlett-Packard Corp.
- Jim L. Turner - CEO of Dr. Pepper/Seven Up Bottling Group
- Marjorie M. Scardino - CEO of Pearson, a major international media group; former CEO of the Economist Group ; also a non-executive director of Nokia Corporation
Other notable trivia
- Baylor is home to the Armstrong Browning Library , which is home of the largest collection of materials related to the English poets Robert Browning and Elizabeth Barrett Browning.
- The Armstrong Browning Library is also believed to be the home of the largest collection of secular stained glass windows in the world.
- Country music singer Willie Nelson attended Baylor for one year.
- Home of the oldest and longest collegiate parade (started in 1909) - sponsored by the Baylor University Chamber of Commerce.
- The Official Website of Baylor University
- The Official Website of Baylor Athletics
- "Baylor University" in the Handbook of Texas Online.
- The Armstrong Browning Library also here
- The Baylor University Chamber of Commerce
- The NoZe Brotherhood, Baylor's resident counter-culture iconoclasts
- Baylor University Press
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