Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Beihai (), former romanization Pakhoi, is a prefecture-level city of Guangxi, China. Beihai means "north of the sea", meaning that the place is a seaport on the north shore of the Gulf of Tonkin. Beihai has a large shipyard and is reputed to still be a pirate habour.
- Area: 3337 kmē, 957 kmē urban centre
- Population: 1450,000 (2001), 135,500 in urban centre
- Municipal seat: Haicheng District
- Geographic coordinates: 108°50′45″ - 109°47′28″ North, 21°29′ - 21°55′34″ East
Beihai contains 3 districts and one county, which are subdivided into five urban sub-districts, 23 towns, 3 townships, 87 neighborhood committees, 343 village committees. (see also Political divisions of China#Levels)
After the 1876 Sino-British Treaty of Yantai , eight Western nations (UK, US, Germany, Austria-Hungary, France, Italy, Portugal, and Belgium) set up embassies, hospitals, churches, schools, and maritime customs. Today, 15 of these western buildings remain in Beihai. It officially became an international tourist spot (旅遊對外開放城市) in 1982.
- December 4, 1949: Beihai became a communist town of Hepu County.
- January 1951: a province-administered city of Guangdong
- May 1951: entrusted to Guangxi
- March 1952: officially administered by Guangxi
- May 1955: Administered by Guangdong again
- 1856: reduced to a county-level city
- 1958: reduced to Beihai People's Commune of Hepu County
- 1959: county-class town
- 1964: restored to county-class city
- June 1965: Administered by Guangxi again
- October 1983: restored to prefecture-level city
Beihai has a great higher high tides at September 1, with the tides being 5 metres (16 feet). Most ports have around 2 metres of higher high tide; Honolulu has 0.5 metre.
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details