Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Birkenfeld is a district (Landkreis) in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It is bounded by (from the south and clockwise) the districts of Sankt Wendel (Saarland), Trier-Saarburg, Bernkastel-Wittlich, Rhein-Hunsrück, Bad Kreuznach and Kusel.
In the past, the Nahe River was the boundary between two tiny principalities: Birkenfeld west of the Nahe, and Lichtenberg east of the river. The principality of Birkenfeld was annexed by Oldenburg in 1817; Lichtenberg became an exclave of Saxe-Coburg. The latter unit was bought by Prussia in 1834 and became the District of Sankt Wendel.
After World War I the southern half of Sankt Wendel had to be ceded to the newly-created Saarland territory, and the small part remaining in Prussia was then officially called Restkreis Sankt Wendel ("remaining district of Sankt Wendel"). In 1937 the Oldenburgian District of Birkenfeld was merged with the remaining Sankt Wendel District to form the new Prussian District of Birkenfeld.
Coat of arms
The chequered red and white pattern was part of the arms of the counts of Sponheim , a medieval county of the region. The lion is the symbol of the counts of Veldenz .
Towns and municipalities
- Official website (German)
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