Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
- Jon Bon Jovi - vocals/guitar
- Richie Sambora - lead guitar
- Tico Torres - drums
- David Bryan - keyboards
Lead singer Jon Bon Jovi (John Bongiovi) began to play piano and guitar at thirteen, using Elton John songs. At that same age, Bongiovi founded his first band, called Raze . At 16 Jon met David Bryan (David Bryan Rashbaum) in high school (Sayreville War Memorial High School ) and founded an R&B cover band with him named Atlantic City Expressway. They played at New Jersey clubs, even though they were minors. Still in his teens, Jon played in the band Jon Bon Jovi and the Wild Ones , playing New Jersey clubs like the Fast Lane and opening for known acts in the area.
By the summer of 1982, out of school and working part-time - including in a shoe store - Jon finally got a job at the Power Station Studios, a New York recording facility where his cousin, Tony Bongiovi, was the co-owner. Jon made several demos (including one produced by Billy Squier) and sent them out to many record companies - but failed to make an impact.
At nineteen, Jon had his first recording experience, singing the song "R2-D2 We Wish You a Merry Christmas" on a Star Wars Christmas album, "Christmas With the Stars", with music by John Williams, produced by Tony Bongiovi at the Power Station and released on the RSO label.
In 1983, a local radio station, WAPT, had a contest to search for the best unsigned band. Jon used studio musicians to play on the track "Runaway" (which was written in 1980). After it won the contest, it quickly became a popular song in the New York City area in the summer of 1983. The studio musicians who helped Jon to record "Runaway" were known as "The All Star Review " and they were Tim Pierce (guitar), Roy Bittan (keyboards), Frankie LaRocka (drums) and Hugh McDonald (bass).
Jon desperately needed a band. The members of Bon Jovi had crossed paths in these early days, but the current lineup didn't come together until March of 1983 after "Runaway" which hit No.39 on the singles chart. Jon gave Dave a call, who in turn called Alec John Such and Tico Torres.
A succession of guitarists (including Dave Sabo , who went on to Skid Row) followed, until Richie Sambora signed on. Alec talked Jon into letting Richie show what he could do, and Jon loved it. Before joining Bon Jovi, Richie had toured with Joe Cocker, played with a group called Mercy and had just been called up to audition for KISS. He also played in the album "Lessons" with the band Message, that has been recently rereleased in CD through Long Island Records.
Tico Torres was also an experienced musician by then. He had jammed with Miles Davis and played live with the Marvelettes and Chuck Berry. He had played on about 26 records and had just recorded his third album with Frankie and the Knockouts (a Jersey band with hit singles in the early 1980s).
David Bryan was a natural recruit. He had quit the band he and Jon founded to go to college, then quit college to go to Juilliard School, the famous classical music school.
At one show, where they opened for Scandal, the band caught the attention of record exec Derek Shulman, who signed them to PolyGram.
The debut album came out on January 21, 1984. The album went gold (sales of over 500,000) and was also released in the UK. The guys found themselves opening for ZZ Top at the Madison Square Garden (before their first album had been released), Scorpions and KISS (in Europe).
Their third album, Slippery When Wet, shot the band to superstar status around the world with hits such as "You Give Love a Bad Name", "Livin' On A Prayer", and "Wanted Dead or Alive". The album has sold in excess of twelve million copies since its release in late 1986. On the tour that followed, Jon began having vocal difficulties. The extremely high notes and unrelenting schedule threatened to damage his voice permanently. With the help of a vocal coach, he made it through the tour. Jon has tended to sing slightly lower since then.
Successful albums since then have included "New Jersey" (1988), "Keep the Faith" (1992), "CrossRoad" (1994), "These Days" (1995), "Crush" (2000), "Bounce" (2002), "This Left Feels Right" (2003) and "100,000,000 Bon Jovi Fans Can't Be Wrong..." (2004). The band continues to re-invent itself, and a new album is due for release in 2005.
After 20 years, and 100,000,000 albums sold, Bon Jovi continues to record and tour.
- Bon Jovi (January 1984); #43 US, US sales: 2,000,000
- 7800 Fahrenheit (April 1985); #37 US, #28 UK, US sales: 1,000,000
- Slippery When Wet (August 1986); #1 US, #6 UK, US sales: 12,000,000
- New Jersey (September 1988); #1 US, #1 UK, US sales: 7,000,000
- Keep the Faith (November 1992); #5 US, #1 UK, US sales: 2,000,000
- CrossRoad (October 1994); #8 US, #1 UK, US sales: 4,000,000
- These Days (July 1995); #9 US, #1 UK, US sales: 1,000,000
- Crush (June 2000); #9 US, #1 UK, US sales: 2,000,000
- One Wild Night Live 1985-2001 (May 2001); #20 US, #2 UK
- Bounce (October 2002); #2 US, #2 UK, US sales: 500,000
- This Left Feels Right (2003); #14 US, #4 UK
- 100,000,000 Bon Jovi Fans Can't Be Wrong... (Box Set) (Nov 2004)
from Bon Jovi
- 1984 "Runaway" #39 US
from Slippery When Wet
- 1986 "You Give Love a Bad Name" #1 US, #14 UK
- 1986 "Livin' on a Prayer" #1 US, #4 UK
- 1987 "Wanted Dead or Alive" #7 US, #13 UK
- 1987 "Never Say Goodbye" #21 UK
from New Jersey
- 1988 "Bad Medicine" #1 US, #17 UK, #15 AU
- 1988 "Born to Be My Baby" #3 US, #22 UK, #30 AU
- 1989 "I'll Be There for You" #1 US, #18 UK, #23 AU
- 1989 "Lay Your Hands on Me" #7 US, #18 UK, #23 AU
- 1989 "Living in Sin" #9 US, #35 UK
from Keep the Faith
- 1992 "Keep the Faith" #28 US, #5 UK, #10 AU
- 1993 "Bed of Roses" #10 US, #13 UK, #10 AU
- 1993 "In These Arms" #27 US, #9 UK, #10 AU
- 1993 "I'll Sleep When I'm Dead" #17 UK, #24 AU
- 1993 "I Believe" #11 UK, #40 AU
- 1994 "Dry County" #9 UK, #31 AU
from Cross Road
- 1994 "Always" #4 US, #2 UK, #2 AU
credited to Jon Bon Jovi (solo) on some releases, not on any Bon Jovi album
- 1994 "Please Come Home for Christmas" #7 UK
from Cross Road
- 1995 "Someday I'll Be Saturday Night" #7 UK, #10 AU
from These Days
- 1995 "This Ain't a Love Song" #14 US, #6 UK, #4 AU
- 1995 "Something for the Pain" #8 UK, #14 AU
- 1995 "Lie to Me" #10 UK, #20 AU
- 1996 "These Days" #7 UK, #38 AU
- 1996 "Hey God" #13 UK
credited to Jon Bon Jovi (solo) on some releases, from the EDtv soundtrack
- 1999 "Real Life" #21 UK, #52 AU
- 2000 "It's My Life" #33 US, #3 UK, #5 AU
- 2000 "Say It Isn't So" #10 UK, #9 AU
- 2000 "Thank You for Loving Me" #12 UK, #34 AU
- 2001 "One Wild Night" #10 UK, #35 AU
- 2002 "Everyday" #5 UK, #5 AU
- 2002 "Misunderstood" #21 UK, #33 AU
- 2003 "All About Lovin' You" #9 UK, #31 AU
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